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U+50CF, 像
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-50CF

[U+50CE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+50D0]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
像-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +12, in Chinese 13 strokes, in Japanese 14 strokes, cangjie input 人弓日人 (ONAO), four-corner 27232, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 116, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1084
  • Dae Jaweon: page 247, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 213, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+50CF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'aːŋʔ, *ljaŋʔ
*ljaŋʔ
*ljaŋʔ
*ljaŋʔ
*ljaŋʔ, *hljaŋs
*ljaŋʔ
*ljaŋʔ, *laŋʔ
*ljaŋʔ
*ljaŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ljaŋʔ): semantic (man) + phonetic (OC *ljaŋʔ, elephant; image).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • siǒng/siōng/siāng - literary;
  • chhiǔⁿ/chhiūⁿ/chhiōⁿ - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕiaŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕiɑŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ɕiaŋ²¹/
Qingdao /siaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /siaŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /ɕiaŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /ɕiɔ̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ɕiɑŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɑ̃¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕiɑŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕiaŋ³⁵/
/t͡ɕʰiaŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰiaŋ¹³/
/ɕiaŋ¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiaŋ²¹³/ 不~他
/ɕiaŋ²¹³/ ~片
Kunming /ɕiã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /siaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /ɕiɑ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiɒ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ɕyə³⁵/ 相像
Hohhot /ɕiɑ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ʑiã²³/
Suzhou /ziã³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiɑŋ¹³/
Wenzhou /ji³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰia³⁵/
/t͡sʰia²²/
Tunxi /t͡sʰiau²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /sian⁵⁵/
/sian¹¹/
/t͡sian¹¹/
Xiangtan /d͡zian²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɔŋ²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰioŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /sioŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sœŋ²²/
Nanning /t͡sœŋ²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sœŋ²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siɔŋ²²/
/t͡sʰiũ²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuɔŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siɔŋ³³/
/siɔŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiõ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /siaŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (17)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/zɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ziɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ziɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/ziaŋX/
Wang
Li
/zĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ zjangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.[d]aŋʔ/
English image; resemble

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13663
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ljaŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. picture, image, figure
  2. statue
  3. to resemble; to be like

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 原像 (げんぞう, genzō)
  • 写像 (しゃぞう, shazō)
  • 肖像 (しょうぞう, shōzō)
  • 心像 (しんぞう, shinzō)
  • 神像 (しんぞう, shinzō)
  • 聖像 (せいぞう, seizō)
  • 塑像 (そぞう, sozō)
  • 対像 (たいぞう, taizō)
  • 彫像 (ちょうぞう, chōzō)
  • 銅像 (どうぞう, dōzō)
  • 仏像 (ぶつぞう, butsuzō)
  • 木像 (もくぞう, mokuzō)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぞう, romaji , historical hiragana ざう)

  1. a form of a thing, including god; a figure; a statue; an idol
  2. an image

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sang, McCune-Reischauer: sang, Yale: sang)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tượng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.