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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Note difference between Chinese form, which uses , and Japanese shinjitai which uses .

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(person) + phonetic  – a kind of person (a Buddhist monk).

Japanese shinjitai form: Simplified from ().

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +12, 14 strokes, cangjie input 人金田日 (OCWA), four-corner 28266, composition (GTKV) or ⿰ (J))

  1. Buddhist priest, monk
  2. san of Sanskrit sangha

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 117, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1076
  • Dae Jaweon: page 248, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 222, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+50E7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /səŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡səŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /səŋ²¹/
Jinan /səŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /səŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /səŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /səŋ²¹/
Xining /sə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /səŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /sə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /sɤŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /sən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /sən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /sen⁵⁵/
Kunming /sə̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /sən³¹/
Hefei /sən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /səŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /səŋ¹³/
Hohhot /sə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /səŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /sən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sen³³/
Wenzhou /saŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /sʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /sɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sən³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sən³³/
Gan Nanchang /sɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sen⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sen²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐŋ⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sɐŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sɐŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siŋ⁵⁵/
/t͡siŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡saiŋ⁴⁴/
/saiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sɔŋ³³/
/t͡seŋ³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/səŋ/ /səŋ/ /səŋ/ /səŋ/ /səŋ/ /səŋ/ /səŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16628 0 /*sɯːŋ/ 梵譯僧伽saṁɡha省稱

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Buddhism) monk
  2. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. Buddhist priest
  2. monk

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana そう, romaji )

  1. a (Buddhist) priest, bonze

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seung) (hangeul , revised seung, McCune-Reischauer sŭng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tăng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.