密陀僧

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Chinese[edit]

monk
simp. and trad.
(密陀僧)
密陀
variant forms 蜜陀僧
沒多僧没多僧
彌陀僧弥陀僧
蜜陀曾

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian مردار سنگ(mordār-sang, dross of lead; protoxide of lead; litharge), compound of مردار(mordār, dead, unclean, impure) and سنگ(sang, stone).

Compare Urdu مرداسنگ(murdā-sang) (colloquial), Urdu مردارسنگ(murdār-sang, litharge), Hindi मुरदासंख (murdāsaṅkh, litharge; yellow pigment), Sanskrit मोदारशृङ्ग (modāraśṛṅga, litharge).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1 1/1
Initial () (4) (7) (16)
Final () (49) (94) (129)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () Chongniu III I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠiɪt̚/ /dɑ/ /səŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚit̚/ /dɑ/ /səŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/miet̚/ /dɑ/ /səŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mjit̚/ /da/ /səŋ/
Li
Rong
/mjĕt̚/ /dɑ/ /səŋ/
Wang
Li
/mĭĕt̚/ /dɑ/ /səŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ĕt̚/ /dʱɑ/ /səŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tuó sēng

Noun[edit]

密陀僧

  1. (mineralogy, traditional Chinese medicine) litharge; lithargyrum; lead monoxide
    密陀僧,《本經州土波斯國嶺南閩中 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    密陀僧,《本经州土波斯国岭南闽中 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: Tang Shenwei, Zhenglei Bencao [a TCM compendium], ca. 1082–1098.
    Mìtuósēng, “Běnjīng” bù zǎi suǒ chū zhōutǔ. Zhù yún chū Bōsīguó. Jīn Lǐngnán, Mǐnzhōng yíntóng yěchù yì yǒu zhī. [Pinyin]
    Mituoseng: Benjing [a TCM compendium] did not record places (in China) where this was found, and the annotation therein considers its place of origin as Persia. Nowadays, it is found in Lingnan [Southern China] and Central Fujian, at the site of silver and copper smelting.

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (密陀僧):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
みつ
Grade: 6

Jinmeiyō
そう
Grade: S
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

密陀僧 (hiragana みつだそう, rōmaji mitsudasō)

  1. litharge, lead monoxide

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

密陀僧 (miltaseung) (hangeul 밀타승)

  1. Hanja form? of 밀타승 (litharge).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

密陀僧

  1. Hán tự form of mật đà tăng, (“litharge”).