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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(earth) + phonetic  – things grow in the earth, to build from earth.

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 土金田日 (GCWA), four-corner 48166, composition)

  1. increase, gain, add
  2. detest
  3. extend
  4. exaggerate

Related characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 238, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5454
  • Dae Jaweon: page 477, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 489, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+589E

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (增), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 登
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 作滕切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/
Character (增), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 登
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 子鄧切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡səŋH/ /t͡səŋH/ /t͡səŋH/ /t͡səŋH/ /t͡səŋH/ /t͡səŋH/ /t͡səŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zēng ‹ tsong › /*s-tˤəŋ/ increase

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16613 0 /*ʔsɯːŋ/
16623 0 /*ʔsɯːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeung) (hangeul , revised jeung, McCune-Reischauer chŭng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tăng, tâng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.