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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
加-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
加-bronze.svg 加-silk.svg 加-bigseal.svg 加-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kraːl): phonetic  ‎(OC *rɯɡ) +  ‎(mouth), "to praise".

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 大尸口 (KSR), four-corner 46000, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 146, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2297
  • Dae Jaweon: page 329, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 366, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+52A0

Buyeo[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(ga)

  1. king

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (98)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jiā
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɣa/ /kɯa/ /ka/ /kaɨ/ /ka/ /ka/ /ka/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiā ‹  › /*kˤraj/ add

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5873 1 /*kraːl/

Verb[edit]

  1. (arithmetic) to add
  2. to add to, increase, augment
    /   ―  jiāyán  ―  to add salt

Antonyms[edit]

  • (jiǎn, “to subtract”)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. add, addition, increase
  2. Canada
  3. Abbreviation of 加奈陀 ‎(Kanada).

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ga) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ka)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(gia, chơ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.