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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic  – to increase by pouring more water in.

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水竹大心 (EHKP) or 水一大心 (EMKP), four-corner 32133, composition)

  1. append, add to
  2. increase

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 632, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17698
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1039, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1639, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6DFB

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (添), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 透 (6)
Final: 添
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 他兼切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰem/ /tʰiem/ /tʰem/ /tʰem/ /tʰɛm/ /tʰiem/ /tʰɛm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tiān ‹ them › /*l̥ ˤ[i]m/ add

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12381 2 /*tʰiːm/

Verb[edit]

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Particle[edit]

  1. (Cantonese) This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cheom) (hangeul , revised cheom, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏm, Yale chem)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thêm, thiêm, thếch)

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