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U+5535, 唵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5535

[U+5534]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5536]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口大中山 (RKLU), four-corner 64016, composition)

  1. used in Buddhist texts to transliterate non-Chinese sounds, specifically the (aum) syllable.
  2. to eat with one's hands

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 193, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3770
  • Dae Jaweon: page 414, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 638, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+5535

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
qoːm, *qoːb
qoːm
qoːm, *qrom
qoːm
qoːmʔ, *qromʔ
qoːmʔ
qoːmʔ, *qraːmʔ
qaːmʔ, *qomʔ
qroːm, *qrom, *qom, *qoms
qrom, *qromʔ
qrom
qrom, *qom
qromʔ
qromʔ
qromʔ, *qoːb, *qob
qromʔ, *qoms
qromʔ, *qoms
qom, *qrob, *qob
qob
qob

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔʌmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔəmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɒmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔəmX/
Li
Rong
/ʔᴀmX/
Wang
Li
/ɒmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔămX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ǎn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14333
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qoːmʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. syllable

Readings[edit]

(Can we verify(+) this pronunciation?)

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
おん
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (ʔʌmX), itself a transliteration of Sanskrit (oṃ)[1].

Alternative spellings[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おん, katakana オン, rōmaji on)

  1. (Buddhism) om, aum

Interjection[edit]

(hiragana おん, katakana オン, rōmaji on)

  1. (Buddhism) om, aum

Usage notes[edit]

Found on mantras in esoteric Buddhist schools in Japan.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(am, om) (hangeul , , revised am, om, McCune-Reischauer am, om)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.