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See also:
U+5403, 吃
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5403

[U+5402]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5404]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 口人弓 (RON), four-corner 68017, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 174, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3280
  • Dae Jaweon: page 387, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 579, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5403

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯd): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kʰɯds, *kʰɯd).

Wikipedia has an article on:

Etymology 1[edit]

trad. /
simp.
alternative forms Shanghai
(jaak3) Cantonese
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “how are the different pronunciations related? to stutter > to eat one's sounds (Schuessler, 2007)? STEDT seems to relate "to eat" to *m-dz(y)a-k/n/t/s (EAT / FOOD / FEED / RICE)”

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: jaak3 - colloquial.
Note: Often written as .

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Qingdao /tʃʰz̩⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
/t͡ɕʰia²¹/ ~虧
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəʔ²/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
/t͡ɕʰia²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰio²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɑʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰət̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰet̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɛk̚³/
Nanning /hɛk̚³³/
/hɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hɛk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan)
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki²⁴/
/i⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xit̚⁵/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to eat; to consume
    喜歡 / 喜欢  ―  Tā hěn xǐhuān chīfàn.  ―  He loves to eat.
    /   ―  chīfàn le ma?  ―  Have you eaten? (also a greeting)
    /   ―  chī guò fàn ma?  ―  Have you eaten? (also a greeting)
    𠲎 [Shanghainese, trad.]
    𠲎 [Shanghainese, simp.]
    Have you eaten? (also a greeting)
    • 果果 [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
      From: 《排排坐》, traditional children's song
      paai4 paai4 co5, hek3 gwo2 gwo2. [Jyutping]
      Let's sit together and eat fruits.
  2. to live on
  3. to suffer; to endure; to bear
      ―  chī  ―  to endure hardship
    /   ―  chīkuī  ―  to suffer losses, to be at a disadvantage
    胸口 / 胸口  ―  Tā xiōngkǒu chī le yī qiāng.  ―  He took a bullet in the chest.
  4. to exhaust; to be a strain
    Chrome內存 / Chrome内存  ―  Chrome chī nèicún.  ―  Chrome is a memory hog.
  5. to drink
  6. (mahjong) to chow
Synonyms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Japanese: (チー) (chī)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (58)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/kiət̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ji
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10080
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to stammer; to stutter; to falter
      ―  kǒuchī  ―  to stammer, to stutter

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 吃吃 (qīqī).

Etymology 4[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Hokkien) Alternative form of .

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
きつ
Hyōgaiji
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC kɨt̚).

Affix[edit]

(きつ) (kitsu

  1. stammering, stuttering
  2. accepting, complying
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
チー
Hyōgaiji
Irregular

From Mandarin (chī, literally to eat).[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(チー) (chī

  1. (mahjong) a call for an open 順子 (shuntsu, sequence of three suited tiles), compare English chow
Coordinate terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ままなき
Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Possibly a compound of (mama, remaining at a certain state) +‎ 泣き (naki, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 泣く (naku), “to cry). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Noun[edit]

(ままなき) (mamanaki

  1. stammering, stuttering
  2. a stutterer
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (heul))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: khật, hấc, hất, hớt, ngát, ngặt, ngật, ực, cật

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.