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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
吃-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 口人弓 (RON), four-corner 68017, composition)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 174, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3280
  • Dae Jaweon: page 387, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 579, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5403

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Qingdao /tʃʰz̩⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
/t͡ɕʰia²¹/ ~虧
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəʔ²/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
/t͡ɕʰia²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰio²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɑʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰət̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰet̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɛk̚³/
Nanning /hɛk̚³³/
/hɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hɛk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan)
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki²⁴/
/i⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xit̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨt̚/ /ki̯ət̚/ /kiət̚/ /kɨt̚/ /kɨt̚/ /kĭət̚/ /kiət̚/

Verb[edit]

  1. to eat
    喜歡 / 喜欢  ―  Tā hěn xǐhuān chīfàn.  ―  He loves to eat.
    /   ―  chīfàn le ma?  ―  Have you eaten? (also a greeting)
  2. to live on
  3. to suffer, to endure, to bear
      ―  chī  ―  to endure hardship
    /   ―  chīkuī  ―  to suffer losses, to be at a disadvantage
  4. to stammer, to stutter, to falter
      ―  kǒuchī  ―  to stammer, to stutter
  5. to exhaust; to be a strain
  6. to drink

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of ("to eat")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Chengdu
Xi'an
Hefei
Wuhan
Jinan
Yangzhou
Cantonese Yangjiang
Guangzhou
Taishan
Hong Kong
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Hsinchu (Hailu)
Meixian
Taiwanese Raoping
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Chaozhou
Xiamen
Taipei
Wu Wenzhou
Suzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. to stammer or stutter

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(heul) (hangeul , revised heul, McCune-Reischauer hŭl)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cật, khật, hấc, hất, hớt, ngát, ngặt, ngật, ực)

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