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See also:
U+5403, 吃
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5403

[U+5402]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5404]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
0 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 口人弓 (RON), four-corner 68017, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 174, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3280
  • Dae Jaweon: page 387, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 579, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5403

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kʰɯds, *kʰɯd
kʰɯds
ɡɯːd, *ɡuːd
ɡɯːd, *ɡuːd
ɡɯːd
ŋrɯd, *ŋɯd
kɯd
kɯd
kɯd, *kuːd, *ɡuːd
ŋɯd
ŋɯd
ŋɯd, *hŋɯd
hŋɯd
hŋɯd
hŋɯd
hŋɯd
kʰuːd
ɡuːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯd): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kʰɯds, *kʰɯd).

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “how are the different pronunciations related? to stutter > to eat one's sounds (Schuessler, 2007)? STEDT seems to relate "to eat" to *m-dz(y)a-k/n/t/s (EAT / FOOD / FEED / RICE)”

Pronunciation 1[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Note: Often written as .

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Qingdao /tʃʰz̩⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
/t͡ɕʰia²¹/ ~虧
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəʔ²/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
/t͡ɕʰia²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰio²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɑʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰət̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰet̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɛk̚³/
Nanning /hɛk̚³³/
/hɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hɛk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan)
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki²⁴/
/i⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xit̚⁵/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to eat; to consume
    喜歡 / 喜欢  ―  Tā hěn xǐhuān chīfàn.  ―  He loves to eat.
    /   ―  chīfàn le ma?  ―  Have you eaten? (also a greeting)
  2. to live on
  3. to suffer; to endure; to bear
      ―  chī  ―  to endure hardship
    /   ―  chīkuī  ―  to suffer losses, to be at a disadvantage
  4. to exhaust; to be a strain
  5. to drink
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“to eat”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Taipei
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Dialectal synonyms of (“to drink”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

simp. and trad.


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (58)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/kiət̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ji
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10080
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to stammer; to stutter; to falter
      ―  kǒuchī  ―  to stammer, to stutter

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 吃吃 (qīqī).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. to stammer or stutter

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Mandarin (chī)

Kanji in this term
ちー
Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

(katakana チー, rōmaji chī)

  1. (mahjong) chow

Coordinate terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(heul) (hangeul , revised heul, McCune-Reischauer hŭl)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khật, hấc, hất, hớt, ngát, ngặt, ngật, ực, cật)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.