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U+770B, 看
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-770B

[U+770A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+770C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
看-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 109, +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹手月山 (HQBU), four-corner 20604, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 803, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23196
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1219, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2474, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+770B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
看-seal.svg 看-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hand) +  (eye) – to put a hand above eyes to gaze afar.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: khòaⁿ - vernacular, khàn - literary.
Note:
  • kang3 - literary (in 看相);
  • toin2 - semantic (訓讀) (in most compounds) (original character is ).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 看 (見)
    Mandarin Beijing /kʰan⁵¹/
    Harbin /kʰan⁵³/
    Tianjin /kʰan⁵³/
    Jinan /kʰã²¹/
    Qingdao /kʰã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /kʰan³¹²/
    Xi'an /kʰã⁴⁴/
    Xining /kʰã²¹³/
    Yinchuan /kʰan¹³/
    Lanzhou /kʰɛ̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /kʰan²¹³/
    Wuhan /kʰan³⁵/
    Chengdu /kʰan¹³/
    Guiyang /kʰan²¹³/
    Kunming /kʰã̠²¹²/
    Nanjing /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /kʰæ̃⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /kʰæ̃⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /kʰɑŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /kʰæ̃⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /kʰø³⁵/
    Suzhou /kʰø⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /kʰẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /kʰø⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /kʰɛ³²⁴/
    Tunxi
    Xiang Changsha /kʰan⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /kʰan⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /kʰɵn²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰon⁵³/
    Taoyuan /kʰon⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔn³³/
    Nanning /hɔn³³/
    Hong Kong /hɔn³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰan²¹/
    /kʰuã²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɑŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰaŋ²¹³/
    /kʰuã²¹³/
    /tʰõi⁵³/ 訓讀
    Haikou (Min Nan) /mo²³/ 訓望

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    kàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    kàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khanH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[kʰ]ˁa[r]-s/
    English gaze at

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 7355
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰaːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to look; to see; to watch
      電影 / 电影  ―  kàn diànyǐng  ―  to watch a movie
    2. (transitive) to read
      報紙 / 报纸  ―  kàn bàozhǐ  ―  to read the newspaper
    3. to visit; to call on
    4. to think; to feel (that)
    5. to consider; to regard as; to treat like
    6. to depend on
        ―  yào kàn  ―  it depends on...
    7. to treat (a patient or sickness)
    8. participle indicating mood of trying

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of (“to look”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing , ,
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan , ,
    Chengdu , 𧢭
    Yangzhou ,
    Hefei ,
    Cantonese Guangzhou ,
    Hong Kong ,
    Taishan ,
    Yangjiang , ,
    Gan Nanchang ,
    Hakka Meixian ,
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan ,
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou ,
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou ,
    Wenzhou ,
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng ,

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Note: toin2 - semantic (訓讀) (original character is ).

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 看 (守)
    Mandarin Beijing /kʰan⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kʰan⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /kʰan²¹/
    Jinan /kʰã²¹/
    Qingdao /kʰã²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /kʰan²⁴/
    Xi'an /kʰã²¹/
    Xining /kʰã⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kʰan⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /kʰɛ̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /kʰan⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /kʰan³⁵/
    Chengdu /kʰan¹³/
    Guiyang /kʰan²¹³/
    Kunming /kʰã̠²¹²/
    Nanjing /kʰaŋ³¹/
    Hefei /kʰæ̃²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /kʰæ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /kʰɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /kʰæ̃⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /kʰø³⁵/
    Suzhou /kʰø⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /kʰẽ̞³³/
    Wenzhou /kʰø⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /kʰɛ³²⁴/
    Tunxi /kʰuːə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /kʰan³³/
    Xiangtan /kʰan⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /kʰɵn⁴²/ 養雞
    Hakka Meixian /kʰon⁵³/
    Taoyuan /kʰon⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔn⁵³/
    Nanning /hɔn⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /hɔn⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰan⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɑŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰõi⁵³/ 訓讀
    Haikou (Min Nan) /mo²³/ 訓望

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰan/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    kān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    kān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khan ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰˁa[r]/
    English to watch, guard

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 7354
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰaːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to look after; to take care of; to tend; to keep an eye on

    Compounds[edit]

    Further reading[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. watch over
    2. see

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (bol gan))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (khan, khán, khản)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]