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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
看-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(hand) +  ‎(eye)

To put a hand above eyes to gaze afar.

Han character[edit]

(radical 109 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹手月山 (HQBU), four-corner 20604, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 803, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23196
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1219, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2474, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+770B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location 看 (守) 看 (見)
Mandarin Beijing /kʰan⁵⁵/ /kʰan⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰan⁴⁴/ /kʰan⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰan²¹/ /kʰan⁵³/
Jinan /kʰã²¹/ /kʰã²¹/
Qingdao /kʰã²¹³/ /kʰã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kʰan²⁴/ /kʰan³¹²/
Xi'an /kʰã²¹/ /kʰã⁴⁴/
Xining /kʰã⁴⁴/ /kʰã²¹³/
Yinchuan /kʰan⁴⁴/ /kʰan¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰɛ̃n³¹/ /kʰɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /kʰan⁴⁴/ /kʰan²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰan³⁵/ /kʰan³⁵/
Chengdu /kʰan¹³/ /kʰan¹³/
Guiyang /kʰan²¹³/ /kʰan²¹³/
Kunming /kʰã̠²¹²/ /kʰã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /kʰaŋ³¹/ /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /kʰæ̃²¹/ /kʰæ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰæ̃¹¹/ /kʰæ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kʰɑŋ¹³/ /kʰɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /kʰæ̃⁵⁵/ /kʰæ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kʰø³⁵/ /kʰø³⁵/
Suzhou /kʰø⁵⁵/ /kʰø⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kʰẽ̞³³/ /kʰẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /kʰø⁴²/ /kʰø⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kʰɛ³²⁴/ /kʰɛ³²⁴/
Tunxi /kʰuːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kʰan³³/ /kʰan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kʰan⁵⁵/ /kʰan⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kʰɵn⁴²/ 養雞 /kʰɵn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kʰon⁵³/ /kʰon⁵³/
Taoyuan /kʰon⁵⁵/ /kʰon⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔn⁵³/ /hɔn³³/
Nanning /hɔn⁵⁵/ /hɔn³³/
Hong Kong /hɔn⁵⁵/ /hɔn³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰan⁵⁵/ /kʰan²¹/
/kʰuã²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɑŋ²¹²/ /kʰɑŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/ /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰõi⁵³/ 訓讀 /kʰaŋ²¹³/
/kʰuã²¹³/
/tʰõi⁵³/ 訓讀
Haikou (Min Nan) /mo²³/ 訓望 /mo²³/ 訓望
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (29)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑn/ /kʰɑn/ /kʰɑn/ /kʰɑn/ /kʰan/ /kʰɑn/ /kʰɑn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (29)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑnH/ /kʰɑnH/ /kʰɑnH/ /kʰɑnH/ /kʰanH/ /kʰɑnH/ /kʰɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kān ‹ khan › /*kʰˤa[r]/ to watch, guard
kàn ‹ khanH › /*[kʰ]ˤa[r]-s/ gaze at

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7354 1 /*kʰaːn/
7355 1 /*kʰaːns/

Verb[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) to watch, to see, to look at
    電影 / 电影  ―  Wǒ xiǎng qù kàn yī bù diànyǐng.  ―  I want to see a movie.
  2. to read
    報紙 / 报纸  ―  kàn bàozhǐ.  ―  He read the newspaper.
  3. to visit, to call on
    我們有時我們祖母 [MSC, trad.]
    我们有时我们祖母 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒmen yǒushí qù kàn wǒmen de zǔmǔ. [Pinyin]
    We sometimes visit our grandmother.
  4. to think, to feel (that)
    最好出發 / 最好出发  ―  kàn nǐ zuìhǎo jiù chūfā.  ―  I think you'd better get going.
  5. to consider, to regard as, to treat like
    他們 / 他们  ―  Tāmen bǎ tā kàn de yī wén bù zhí.  ―  They treat him like dirt.
  6. to depend on
      ―  yào kàn  ―  it depends on...
  7. to treat (a patient or sickness )

Usage notes[edit]

  • (to read): means "to read" when it is followed by a noun referring to something readable.
    雜誌 / 杂志  ―  kàn zázhì  ―  to read a magazine
    報紙 / 报纸  ―  kàn bàozhǐ  ―  to read the newspaper
    • To express "to read" in general, 看書看书 (kànshū) is used.

See also[edit]

  • (Cantonese) , (wàng)

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location 看 (守) 看 (見)
Mandarin Beijing /kʰan⁵⁵/ /kʰan⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰan⁴⁴/ /kʰan⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰan²¹/ /kʰan⁵³/
Jinan /kʰã²¹/ /kʰã²¹/
Qingdao /kʰã²¹³/ /kʰã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kʰan²⁴/ /kʰan³¹²/
Xi'an /kʰã²¹/ /kʰã⁴⁴/
Xining /kʰã⁴⁴/ /kʰã²¹³/
Yinchuan /kʰan⁴⁴/ /kʰan¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰɛ̃n³¹/ /kʰɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /kʰan⁴⁴/ /kʰan²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰan³⁵/ /kʰan³⁵/
Chengdu /kʰan¹³/ /kʰan¹³/
Guiyang /kʰan²¹³/ /kʰan²¹³/
Kunming /kʰã̠²¹²/ /kʰã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /kʰaŋ³¹/ /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /kʰæ̃²¹/ /kʰæ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰæ̃¹¹/ /kʰæ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kʰɑŋ¹³/ /kʰɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /kʰæ̃⁵⁵/ /kʰæ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kʰø³⁵/ /kʰø³⁵/
Suzhou /kʰø⁵⁵/ /kʰø⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kʰẽ̞³³/ /kʰẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /kʰø⁴²/ /kʰø⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kʰɛ³²⁴/ /kʰɛ³²⁴/
Tunxi /kʰuːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kʰan³³/ /kʰan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kʰan⁵⁵/ /kʰan⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kʰɵn⁴²/ 養雞 /kʰɵn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kʰon⁵³/ /kʰon⁵³/
Taoyuan /kʰon⁵⁵/ /kʰon⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔn⁵³/ /hɔn³³/
Nanning /hɔn⁵⁵/ /hɔn³³/
Hong Kong /hɔn⁵⁵/ /hɔn³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰan⁵⁵/ /kʰan²¹/
/kʰuã²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɑŋ²¹²/ /kʰɑŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/ /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰõi⁵³/ 訓讀 /kʰaŋ²¹³/
/kʰuã²¹³/
/tʰõi⁵³/ 訓讀
Haikou (Min Nan) /mo²³/ 訓望 /mo²³/ 訓望

Verb[edit]

  1. to look after, to take care of, to tend, keep an eye on
    沒有小孩本事 / 没有小孩本事  ―  Tā méiyǒu kān xiǎohái de běnshì.  ―  He's not competent to look after young children.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • “看”, in MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT )[1] (in Mandarin/English), accessed 2014-03-10

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune-Reischauer kan, Yale kan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.