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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
后-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹一口 (HMR), four-corner 72261, composition𠂋)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 176, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3298
  • Dae Jaweon: page 393, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 580, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+540E

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
后-oracle.svg 后-bronze.svg 后-bigseal.svg 后-seal.svg

Lateral inversion of generates (OC *slɯ).

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("after").
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m/s-gaw ‎(head). Cognate with Tibetan གོ ‎(go, head; headman), མགོ ‎(mgo, head, top, beginning).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (33)
Final () (137) (137)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦəuX/ /ɦəuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəuX/ /ɦəuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣəuX/ /ɣəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəwX/ /ɦəwH/
Li
Rong
/ɣuX/ /ɣuH/
Wang
Li
/ɣəuX/ /ɣəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣə̯uX/ /ɣə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hòu hòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ huwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢˤ(r)oʔ/
English sovereign; queen

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 5168 5172
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
𠋫
Old
Chinese
/*ɡoːʔ/ /*ɡoːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. king; ruler; emperor
  2. queen; empress
      ―  wánghòu  ―  queen

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. empress, queen

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
きさき
Grade: 6
kun'yomi

Unknown. Possibly originally a contraction of ‎(kimi saki, literally lordly good fortune).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きさき, romaji kisaki)

  1. queen, empress
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
きさい
Grade: 6
kun'yomi

/kisaki//kisai/

Sound shift from kisaki above. Appears to be less common in isolation than the kisaki reading above.[2][1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きさい, romaji kisai)

  1. queen, empress

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hu) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer hu, Yale hwu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hậu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.