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U+57A2, 垢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-57A2

[U+57A1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+57A3]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 32, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 土竹一口 (GHMR), four-corner 42161, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 228, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5058
  • Dae Jaweon: page 464, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 440, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+57A2

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𡊦

Glyph origin

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Pronunciation

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Note:
  • káu - vernacular;
  • kió/kó͘ - literary.
Note:
  • gao2 - vernacular;
  • gou3 - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (137)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Baxter kuwX
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kəuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kəuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kəuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kəwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /kəuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kə̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gǒu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gau2
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5160
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*koːʔ/

    Definitions

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    1. filth; dirt
        ―  yóugòu  ―  greasy dirt
    2. filthy
    3. (obsolete) dust
    4. (literary) shame
      alt. forms: (gòu)

    Synonyms

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    Compounds

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    Japanese

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    Kanji

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    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. grime

    Readings

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    Compounds

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    Etymology 1

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    Kanji in this term
    あか
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Pronunciation

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    Noun

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    (あか) (aka

    1. scum
    2. dirt

    Etymology 2

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    Kanji in this term
    あか
    Hyōgaiji
    (ateji)
    kun’yomi

    ateji (当て字), short for English account.

    Pronunciation

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    Noun

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    (あか) (aka

    1. (slang, computing) account
      (あか)BAN(バン)
      aka-ban
      ban of one's account; account ban
      さっきプレミアム(あか)にしてきたので画質(がしつ)テスト(ばん)です。[1]
      Sakki puremiamu aka ni shitekita no de gashitsu tesuto ban desu.
      I just made my account a premium account, so this is a video quality test version.

    Etymology 3

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    Kanji in this term

    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation

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    Noun

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    () (ku

    1. klesha

    References

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    1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN

    Korean

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    Hanja

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    (gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune–Reischauer ku)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese

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    Han character

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    : Hán Nôm readings: cấu, cáu

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.