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U+57A2, 垢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-57A2

[U+57A1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+57A3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 土竹一口 (GHMR), four-corner 42161, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 228, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5058
  • Dae Jaweon: page 464, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 440, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+57A2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koːʔ
*koːʔ, *kʰoːs, *qʰoːs
*koːʔ
*koːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoːʔ, *ɡoːs
*ɡoːʔ
*ɡoːʔ
*ɡoːs
缿 *ɡoːs, *ɡroːŋʔ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kió/kó͘ - literary;
  • káu - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kəuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwX/
Li
Rong
/kuX/
Wang
Li
/kəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gǒu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5160
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. filth; dirt
  2. dust
  3. shame
    alt. forms:

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. grime

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: (ku)
  • Kan-on: こう ()
  • Kun: あか (aka, ); はじ (haji, )

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
あか
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あか, rōmaji aka)

  1. scum
  2. dirt
  3. (slang, computing) account
     (あか)BAN (バン)
    aka-ban
    ban of one's account
    • さっきプレミアム (あか)にしてきたので画質 (がしつ)テスト (ばん)です。[1]
      Sakki puremiamu aka ni shitekita no de gashitsu tesuto ban desu.
      I just made my account a premium account, so this is a video quality test version.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune–Reischauer ku)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cấu, cáu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.