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U+57A2, 垢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-57A2

[U+57A1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+57A3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 土竹一口 (GHMR), four-corner 42161, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 228, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5058
  • Dae Jaweon: page 464, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 440, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+57A2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kió/kó͘ - literary;
  • káu - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kəuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwX/
Li
Rong
/kuX/
Wang
Li
/kəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gǒu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gau2
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5160
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. filth; dirt
  2. dust
  3. shame
    alt. forms:

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. grime

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: (ku)
  • Kan-on: こう ()
  • Kun: あか (aka, ); はじ (haji, )

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
あか
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(あか) (aka

  1. scum
  2. dirt

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
あか
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

ateji (当て字), short for English account.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(あか) (aka

  1. (slang, computing) account
    (あか)BAN(バン)
    aka-ban
    ban of one's account
    • さっきプレミアム(あか)にしてきたので画質(がしつ)テスト(ばん)です。[1]
      Sakki puremiamu aka ni shitekita no de gashitsu tesuto ban desu.
      I just made my account a premium account, so this is a video quality test version.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

() (ku

  1. klesha

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune–Reischauer ku)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: cấu, cáu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.