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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
小-bw.png
Stroke order
小-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 42 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 弓金 (NC), four-corner 90000, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical №42
  2. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №15

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 296, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7473
  • Dae Jaweon: page 587, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 560, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5C0F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
小-oracle.svg 小-bronze.svg 小-silk.svg 小-bigseal.svg 小-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事). Two interpretations are possible:

  1. shows a person () with lowered arms, implying the meaning of small. In contrast, (the character for large), symbolizes a person () with arms outstretched.
  2. Something divided in into smaller part by a knife .

In Oracle bone script form, picture of three sand granules. compare with (OC *hmjewʔ, *hmjews), represented by four dot in its oracle bone script form.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final: (91)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xiǎo
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/siᴇuX/ /siɛuX/ /sjæuX/ /siawX/ /siɛuX/ /sĭɛuX/ /si̯ɛuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiǎo ‹ sjewX › /*[s]ewʔ/ small

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13705 2 /*smewʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. small, tiny, little
    Antonyms: ()
    • 小孩 (xiǎohái, “child”)
  2. minor, petty
  3. briefly, for a short while
    • 小憩 (xiǎoqì, “brief rest”)
  4. slightly, a little
  5. young
    Antonyms: (lǎo)
  6. (the) youngest
  7. a young person; child, kid, baby
    • 一家老  ―  yījiālǎoxiǎo  ―  the entire family, old and young
  8. Prefix used in front of family name to indicate informality or affection (for young people, (lǎo) for elder people).
    • For example, Someone called 李國寶/李国宝 can be called 小李.
  9. (humble) my, our
    •   ―  xiǎo  ―  [humble] I
    •   ―  xiǎo  ―  [humble] my daughter
    •   ―  xiǎode  ―  [humble] I
  10. Abbreviation of 小學小学 (xiǎoxué, “primary school”). Used only in the abbreviation of a school name.
    •   ―  Èr Xiǎo  ―  No.2 Primary School
  11. (euphemistic, Cantonese) a euphemism of (diǎo)
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of ("small")
Variety Location Words
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しょう, romaji shō, historical hiragana せう)

  1. smallness; small size, small (sometimes used as an abbreviation for small serving, etc.)

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana しょう, romaji shō-, historical hiragana せう)

  1. small, little

‎(hiragana , romaji ko-)

  1. less in size or quantity, small, little, short
  2. less in intensity, small, light, slight
  3. of secondary importance, secondary, sub-
  4. infant

Related terms[edit]

  • (ko-): child
  • (ko-): child
  • (ko-): daughter
  • (ko-): offspring

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana しょう, romaji -shō, historical hiragana せう)

  1. suffix after names of elementary schools
    佃小 (つくだしょう)
    tsukuda-shō
    Tsukuda Elementary School

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(so)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: so, McCune-Reischauer: so, Yale: so)
  • Name (hangeul): 작다 (revised: jakda, McCune-Reischauer: chakta, Yale: cakta)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiểu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.