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See also: 🈯 [U+1F22F SQUARED CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6307]
U+6307, 指
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6307

[U+6306]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6308]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 64, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 手心日 (QPA), four-corner 51061, composition )

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 429, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12034
  • Dae Jaweon: page 778, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1873, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6307

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms 𢫾

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kjiʔ): semantic + phonetic (OC *kjiʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kí, chái/cháiⁿ/chúiⁿ/chán - vernacular;
  • chí - literary.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: zi2 / zoin2 / zain2 / gi2 / zeng2
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: tsí / tsóiⁿ / tsáiⁿ / kí / tsṳ́ng
    • Sinological IPA (key): /t͡ɕi⁵²/, /t͡sõĩ⁵²/, /t͡sãĩ⁵²/, /ki⁵²/, /t͡sɯŋ⁵²/
Note:
  • zi2 - literary;
  • zoin2/zain2 - vernacular (“finger”);
  • zoin2 - Chaozhou, Shantou;
  • zain2 - Jieyang;
  • gi2 - vernacular (“to point”);
  • zeng2 - colloquial (俗).
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (17)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter tsyijX
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕˠiɪX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕᵚiX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕiɪX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cjiX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕjiX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhǐ
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zi2
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhǐ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyijX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mə.kijʔ/
    English finger; point

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17325
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kjiʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. finger
        ―  shǒuzhǐ  ―  finger
    2. to point; to point out; to aim
        ―  zhǐchū  ―  to point out
        ―  zhǐ rén  ―  to point at a person
    3. to indicate; to show; to demonstrate
    4. to refer to; to mean
      春天冬天後面那個季節 [MSC, trad.]
      春天冬天后面那个季节 [MSC, simp.]
      Chūntiān zhǐ de shì dōngtiān hòumiàn de nàge jìjié. [Pinyin]
      Spring refers to the season after winter.
    5. to rely on; to depend on
    6. to criticize; to rebuke
    7. to make one’s hair stand on end
    8. Classifier for fingerwidths.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Thai: ชี้ (chíi, to point)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *oyonpE.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ゆび) (yubi (counter )

    1. a finger (including thumb)

    (alternative reading hiragana および, rōmaji oyobi)

    1. a finger

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC tsyijX). Recorded as Middle Korean 지〮 () (Yale: ci) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 손가락 (son'garak ji))

    1. Hanja form? of (finger).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (いーび) (ībi

    1. finger

    Derived terms[edit]

    Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Noun[edit]

    (っいぃーび) ('yiibi

    1. finger

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: chỉ, xỉ, chỏ

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.