Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+6307, 指
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6307

[U+6306]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6308]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 手心日 (QPA), four-corner 51061, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 429, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12034
  • Dae Jaweon: page 778, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1873, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6307

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
指-bronze.svg 指-seal.svg 指-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kiː, *kʰiːʔ
*ŋɡiːs
*ŋɡiːs, *kji
*klje
*kji
*kji, *kjis
*kjiʔ
*kjiʔ
*kjiʔ
*ɡjis
*qʰlji
*ɡri
*ɡri
*ɡri
*ɡri

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kjiʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kjiʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kí, chái/cháiⁿ/chúiⁿ/chán - vernacular;
  • chí - literary.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: zi2 / zoin2 / gi2 / zeng1 / goi1 / gi6
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: tsí / tsóiⁿ / kí / tsṳng / koi / kĭ
    • IPA (key): /t͡si⁵²/, /t͡sõĩ⁵²/, /ki⁵²/, /t͡sɯŋ³³/, /koi³³/, /ki³⁵/
Note:
  • zoin2 - literary (“finger”);
  • gi2 - literary (“to point”);
  • zeng1 - colloquial, in some words;
  • goi1 - colloquial, in some words;
  • gi6 - colloquial, in some words.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (17)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕˠiɪX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕᵚiX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕiɪX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cjiX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕjiX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhǐ
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhǐ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyijX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mə.kijʔ/
    English finger; point

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17325
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kjiʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. finger
        ―  shǒuzhǐ  ―  finger
    2. to point; to aim
        ―  zhǐchū  ―  to point out
        ―  zhǐ rén  ―  to point at a person
    3. to indicate; to show; to demonstrate
    4. to refer to; to mean
      春天冬天後面那個季節 [MSC, trad.]
      春天冬天后面那个季节 [MSC, simp.]
      Chūntiān zhǐ de shì dōngtiān hòumiàn de nàge jìjié. [Pinyin]
      Spring refers to the season after winter.
    5. to rely on; to depend on
    6. Classifier for fingerwidths.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (counter , hiragana ゆび, rōmaji yubi)

    1. a finger
      • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 2, page 38:
        指 唐韵云、指. 音旨、由比、俗云於與比

    (alternative reading hiragana および, romaji oyobi)

    1. a finger
      • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 2, page 38:
        指 唐韵云、指. 音旨、由比、俗云於與比

    References[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ji) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    • Native: いーび (ībi)

    Compounds[edit]

    • 指ぬ先 (いーびぬさち, ībinusachi): fingertip
    • 大指 (うふいーび, ufuībi): thumb, big toe
    • 中指 (なかいーび, nakaībi): middle finger
    • 薬指 (くすいいーび, kusuiībi): ring finger
    • 差し指 (さしいーび, sashiībi): index finger
    • 差ち指 (さちいーび, sachiībi): index finger
    • 人差し指 (っちゅさしいーび, tchusachiībi): index finger
    • 均し指, 平し指 (ならしいーび, narashiībi): ring finger
    • 指小, 指子, 指んぐゎー (いーびんぐゎー, ībingwā): little finger, pinkie

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いーび, romaji ībi)

    1. finger

    Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    • Native: っいぃーび ('yībi)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana っいぃーび, romaji 'yībi)

    1. finger

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (chỉ, xỉ, chỏ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.