Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+C9C0, 지
HANGUL SYLLABLE JI
Composition: +
즿
[U+C9BF]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C9C1]




즤 ←→ 짜
See also: -지

Jeju[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(ji)

  1. you (formal)

Related terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean  (Yale: ti).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ji
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ji
McCune–Reischauer?chi
Yale Romanization?ci

Dependent noun[edit]

(ji)

  1. Only used in 은 지 (-eun ji, since).

Etymology 2[edit]

Contraction.

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ji
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ji
McCune–Reischauer?chi
Yale Romanization?ci

Pronoun[edit]

(ji)

  1. Colloquial form of 자기(自己) (jagi, oneself, the person just mentioned).
    하고 살면서 맨날 보고 그래.
    Ji-neun hal geo da hago salmyeonseo maennal na-bogo mwo-ra geurae.
    He does whatever he wants and still tells me off every day.
Usage notes[edit]
  • In prescriptive Korean, this form is nonstandard and (je) is standard. In practice, however, (ji) is used much more commonly than (je).

Etymology 3[edit]

Korean Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ko

Sino-Korean word from

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ji
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ji
McCune–Reischauer?chi
Yale Romanization?ci

Noun[edit]

(ji) (hanja )

  1. bamboo flute with five fingerholes, used in 아악(雅樂) (aak, genre of East Asian court music).
See also[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

First attested in the Gugeupganibang eonhae (救急簡易方諺解 / 구급간이방언해), 1489, as Middle Korean 디히〮 (Yale: tìhí).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕi(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ji
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ji
McCune–Reischauer?chi
Yale Romanization?

Noun[edit]

(ji)

  1. (Jeolla dialect) kimchi
Synonyms[edit]
Historical and regional synonyms of 김치 (gimchi, kimchi)
view map; edit data
GroupRegionLocationWords
Standardised formsSouth Korean Standard Language김치 (gimchi)
North Korean Cultured Language김치 (gimchi)
Historical formsMiddle Korean디히 (tihi) (more common), 딤ᄎᆡ (timchoy) (from Chinese)
Early Modern Seoul Korean딤ᄎᆡ (dimchae), 짐ᄎᆡ (jimchae), 김츼 (gimchui) (from late 18th c.)
Central KoreanGyeonggiModern colloquial Seoul김치 (gimchi)
Traditional Seoul김치 (gimchi)
Incheon김치 (gimchi)
Suwon짐치 (jimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Yeoncheon김치 (gimchi)
Paju김치 (gimchi)
Pocheon김치 (gimchi), 짐치 (jimchi)
Yangju김치 (gimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Gapyeong짐치 (jimchi)
Gwangju김치 (gimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Yangpyeong김치 (gimchi)
Yongin김치 (gimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Icheon김치 (gimchi)
Pyeongtaek김치 (gimchi)
Anseong김치 (gimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
YeongseoChuncheon짠지 (jjanji)
Wonju김치 (gimchi), 짐치 (jimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Cheorwon김치 (gimchi), 짐치 (jimchi)
Inje짐치 (jimchi)
Hongcheon김치 (gimchi), 짐치 (jimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Hoengseong김치 (gimchi), 짐치 (jimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
YeongdongGangneung짐치 (jímchì), 김치 (gímchì), 짠지 (jjánjì)
Wonsan짐치 (jimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Kumya짐치 (jimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Munchon짐치 (jimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Tongchon짐치 (jimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Kosong짐치 (jimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Sokcho짐치 (jimchi)
Samcheok짐치 (jímchì), 짠지 (jjánjì)
Pyeongchang짐치 (jimchi), 김치 (gimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Yeongwol짠지 (jjánjì)
Jeongseon짠지 (jjanji)
North ChungcheongCheongju짐치 (jimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Jincheon짐치 (jimchi)
Chungju짐치 (jimchi), 김치 (gimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Jecheon짐치 (jimchi), 김치 (gimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Danyang짐치 (jimchi), 김치 (gimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Goesan짐치 (jimchi), 김치 (gimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Jeungpyeong김치 (gimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Boeun짐치 (jimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Yeongdong짐치 (jimchi)
South ChungcheongTaean짐치 (jimchi), 김치 (gimchi)
Dangjin짐치 (jimchi), 김치 (gimchi)
Asan짐치 (jimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Cheonan짐치 (jimchi), 김치 (gimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Yesan짐치 (jimchi), 김치 (gimchi)
Hongseong짐치 (jimchi)
Cheongyang짐치 (jimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Gongju짐치 (jimchi), 김치 (gimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Seocheon짐치 (jimchi)
Nonsan짐치 (jimchi)
Geumsan짐치 (jimchi)
South HwanghaeHaeju김치 (gimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Ongjin김치 (gimchi)
Yonan김치 (gimchi)
Taetan김치 (gimchi)
Ryongyon김치 (gimchi)
Chaeryong김치 (gimchi)
Sinchon짠지 (jjanji)
Anak짠디 (jjandi)
Unnyul김치 (gimchi)
North HwanghaeSariwon김치 (gimchi), 짠지 (jjanji)
Sohung김치 (gimchi)
Kumchon김치 (gimchi)
Singye김치 (gimchi)
Suan김치 (gimchi)
Koksan김치 (gimchi)
Southeastern Korean
(Gyeongsang)
North GyeongsangDaegu짐치 (jímchì) (not spicy), 짠지 (jjánjì) (spicy), (jī́)
Yeongju짐치 (jímchì), 김치 (gímchì)
Uljin짐치 (jímchì)
Yecheon짐치 (jímchì)
Andong짐치 (jímchì), 김치 (gímchì)
Sangju짐치 (jímchì)
Uiseong짐치 (jímchì)
Yeongdeok짐치 (jímchì) (not spicy), 짠지 (jjánjì) (spicy)
Gimcheon짐치 (jímchì)
Gumi짠지 (jjánjì), (jī́)
Gunwi짐치 (jímchì) (not spicy), 짠지 (jjánjì) (spicy)
Pohang짐치 (jímchì) (not spicy), 짠지 (jjánjì) (spicy)
Seongju짐치 (jímchì)
Goryeong짐치 (jímchì)
Gyeongju짐치 (jímchì) (not spicy), 짠지 (jjánjì) (spicy)
South GyeongsangBusan짐치 (jímchì)
Ulsan짐치 (jímchì)
Changwon짐치 (jímchì), ()
Geochang짐치 (jímchì), ()
Hapcheon짐치 (jímchì)
Changnyeong짐치 (jímchì)
Miryang짐치 (jímchì)
Hamyang짐치 (jímchì)
Uiryeong짐치 (jímchì)
Hadong짐치 (jímchì)
Jinju짐치 (jímchì)
Gimhae짐치 (jímchì)
Yangsan짐치 (jímchì)
Sacheon짐치 (jímchì)
Goseong짐치 (jímchì)
Namhae짐치 (jímchì)
Geoje짐치 (jímchì)
Southwestern Korean
(Jeolla)
North JeollaJeonju (), 짐치 (jimchi)
Gunsan (), 짐치 (jimchi)
Iksan (), 짐치 (jimchi)
Jinan (), 짐치 (jimchi)
Muju짐치 (jimchi)
Gimje (), 짐치 (jimchi)
Buan ()
Jeongeup (), 짐치 (jimchi)
Imsil짐치 (jimchi)
Jangsu (), 짐치 (jimchi)
Gochang짐치 (jimchi)
Sunchang (), 짐치 (jimchi)
Namwon (), 짐치 (jimchi)
South JeollaGwangju (), 짐치 (jimchi)
Jangseong (), 짐치 (jimchi)
Damyang (), 짐치 (jimchi)
Gokseong (), 짐치 (jimchi)
Gurye ()
Hampyeong짐치 (jimchi)
Muan (), 짐치 (jimchi), 짐차 (jimcha)
Naju (), 짐치 (jimchi)
Suncheon (), 짐치 (jimchi)
Gwangyang짐채 (jimchae)
Yeongam (), 짐치 (jimchi), 짐채 (jimche)
Jindo짐치 (jimchi)
Haenam짐치 (jimchi)
Gangjin (), 짐치 (jimchi), 짐채 (jimche)
Wando짐치 (jimchi)
Jangheung (), 짐치 (jimchi)
Boseong짐치 (jimchi)
Goheung짐치 (jimchi)
Yeosu (), 짐치 ( jimchi), 짐차 (jimcha)
Northwestern Korean
(Pyongan)
North PyonganSinuiju짠디 (jjandi)
Uiju짠디 (jjandi), 딤치 (dimchi)
Cholsan짠디 (jjandi), 짠지 (jjanji), 김치 (gimchi)
Ryongchon짠디 (jjandi)
DiasporaShenyang짠디 (jjandi)
Fushun짠디 (jjandi)
Northeastern Korean
(Hamgyong)
South HamgyongHamhung짐치 (jìmchí), 짠지 (jjánjì)
Chongpyong짐치 (jìmchí), 짠지 (jjánjì)
Yonggwang짐치 (jìmchí), 짠지 (jjánjì)
Sinhung짐치 (jìmchí), 짠지 (jjánjì)
Hongwon짐치 (jìmchí), 짠지 (jjánjì)
Sinpo짐치 (jìmchí), 짠지 (jjánjì)
Riwon짐치 (jìmchí), 짠지 (jjánjì)
North HamgyongChongjin김치 (gìmchí)
Myongchon김치 (gìmchí)
Kyongsong김치 (gìmchí)
Puryong김치 (gìmchí)
Hyesan짠지 (jjánjì)
Kapsan짠지 (jjánjì)
Kimhyonggwon짠지 (jjánjì)
Yukjin KoreanYukjinHoeryong김치 (gìmchí)
DiasporaHunchun김치 (gìmchí)
JejuJeju City짐끼 (jimkki), 짐치 (jimchi), 김치 (gimchi)
Daejeong짐끼 (jimkki), 짐치 (jimchi)
Gujwa짐끼 (jimkki), 짐치 (jimchi), 징뀌 (jingkkwi)
Seogwipo짐끼 (jimkki), 짐치 (jimchi)
This table is an amalgamation of surveys of speakers mostly born before 1950 and may not reflect the language of younger speakers, which has lexically converged towards the standard Seoul dialect in both North and South Koreas.

Etymology 5[edit]

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters, from Middle Korean (Yale: ci).

Syllable[edit]

(ji)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiᴇ, t͡ɕiᴇX))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiᴇ))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiᴇ))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨX))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨ))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕˠiɪX))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨH))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiɪH))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiᴇX))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨH))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕˠiɪX))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨX))
  13. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨX))
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨX))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiɪ))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨ))
  17. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiɪH))
  18. :
    (MC reading: )
  19. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiɪ))
  20. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiᴇX))
  21. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiᴇX, kiᴇX))
  22. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ziᴇH))
  23. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiɪ, t͡ɕiᴇX, t͡ɕˠiɪX))
  24. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiᴇ))
  25. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨX))
  26. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨH, ɕɨk̚))
  27. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiɪH))
  28. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨX, ɖɨX))
  29. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕˠiɪX, t͡ɕɨX))
  30. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiɪ, t͡ɕiᴇX))
  31. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰiᴇH))
  32. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiᴇ, ɡiᴇ, ɕiᴇH, kiᴇH))
  33. :
    (MC reading: )
  34. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡiᴇ, d͡ʑiᴇ))
  35. :
    (MC reading: )
  36. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiᴇ, d͡ʑiᴇ, dei))
  37. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨH))
  38. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʑiᴇX))
  39. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiᴇX))
  40. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨX))
  41. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡiɪ))
  42. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiɪH))
  43. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiᴇX))

Etymology 6[edit]

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters, from Middle Korean (Yale: ti). In Early Modern Korean, and in the contemporary Pyongan and Yukjin dialects, these are still read as (di).

Syllable[edit]

(ji)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈiᴇ))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC diɪH))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖɨ))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiᴇ, dɑ))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈˠiᴇH))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiɪ))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈʰɨX))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈiᴇ))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiᴇX))
  10. :
    (MC reading: )
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiᴇ, d͡ʑiᴇ, dei))
  12. :
    (MC reading: )
  13. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiɪ, t͡ɕiᴇX, teiX))
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiɪ))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiᴇ))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiɪ))
  17. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈˠiɪ))
  18. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiᴇ))
  19. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈˠiɪH))
  20. 𥎵: Alternative form of
    (MC reading: 𥎵)
  21. 𥏾: Alternative form of
    (MC reading: 𥏾)

References[edit]