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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'il): semantic  ‎(motion) + phonetic  ‎(OC *sliːl) – to move slowly, to be late.

Han character[edit]

(radical 162 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜尸卜手 (YSYQ), four-corner 37304)

  1. late, tardy
  2. slow
  3. delay

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1264, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39113
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1760, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3885, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9072

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰz̩²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰz̩⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰz̩¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
/ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
Suzhou /zz̩ʷ¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zz̩³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
Xiangtan /ɖ͡ʐʐ̩¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰz̩²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰz̩¹¹/
Taoyuan /tʃʰï¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰi²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰi²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰi²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ti³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ti⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ti²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰi⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si³¹/
/ʔdi³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɣiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖɯi/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖji/
Li
Rong
/ȡji/
Wang
Li
/ȡi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chí
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chí
Middle
Chinese
‹ drij ›
Old
Chinese
/*l<r>ə[j]/
English slow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13346
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'il/

Adjective[edit]

  1. late, tardy
    /   ―  chídào  ―  to arrive late

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ji, chi) (hangeul , , revised ji, chi, McCune-Reischauer chi, ch'i, Yale ci, chi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Character[edit]

Readings[edit]

References[edit]