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slug +‎ -ish


  • IPA(key): /ˈslʌɡɪʃ/
  • (file)


sluggish (comparative sluggisher or more sluggish, superlative sluggishest or most sluggish)

  1. Habitually idle and lazy; slothful; dull; inactive
    a sluggish man
    • 1724, Pharmacopolæ Justificati: Or, Apothecaries Vindicated from the Imputation of Ignorance. [], London: [] J. Roberts, [], OCLC 990820804, page 6:
      [I]f he leaves the School poſſeſs'd of a ſluggiſh indolent Diſpoſition, and of Learning rather forc'd upon him than choſen, it is probable he will forget what he brought thence; but if he be active, emulous and aſpiring, he will certainly find Time for Reading and Thinking; for tho' it be a homely, it is a true Saying, that where there is a Will, there is a Way.
    • c. 1874, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Ovid in Exile
      And the sluggish land slumbers in utter neglect.
    • 1910 January 12, Ameen Rihani, “On the Wharf of Enchantment”, in The Book of Khalid, New York, N.Y.: Dodd, Mead and Company, published October 1911, OCLC 6412012, book the first (In the Exchange), page 34:
      He helps us to understand the insignificant points which mark the rapid undercurrents of the seemingly sluggish soul of Khalid.
  2. Slow; having little motion
    • 1913, Paul Laurence Dunbar, At Sunset Time
      We float upon a sluggish stream,
      We ride no rapids mad,
      While life is all a tempered dream
      And every joy half sad.
  3. Having no power to move oneself or itself; inert.
    • 1695, John Woodward, An Essay toward a Natural History of the Earth and Terrestrial Bodies
      Matter, being impotent, sluggish, and inactive, hath no power to stir or move itself.
  4. Characteristic of a sluggard; dull; stupid; tame; simple.
  5. Exhibiting economic decline, inactivity, slow or subnormal growth.
    Inflation has been rising despite sluggish economy.


1670, John Milton, The History of Britain, [] , London: Printed by J.M. for James Alleſtry, [] , OCLC 78038412:
So sluggish a conceit.



  • (slow, having little motion): nimble

Derived terms[edit]