sluggish

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

slug +‎ -ish

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈslʌɡɪʃ/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

sluggish (comparative sluggisher or more sluggish, superlative sluggishest or most sluggish)

  1. Habitually idle and lazy; slothful; dull; inactive
    a sluggish man
    • 1724, Pharmacopolæ Justificati: Or, Apothecaries Vindicated from the Imputation of Ignorance. Wherein is Shown, that an Academical Education is No Way Necessary to Qualify a Man for the Practice of Physick, London: Printed for J. Roberts, [], OCLC 990820804, page 6:
      [I]f he leaves the School poſſeſs'd of a ſluggiſh indolent Diſpoſition, and of Learning rather forc'd upon him than choſen, it is probable he will forget what he brought thence; but if he be active, emulous and aſpiring, he will certainly find Time for Reading and Thinking; for tho' it be a homely, it is a true Saying, that where there is a Will, there is a Way.
    • c. 1874, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Ovid in Exile
      And the sluggish land slumbers in utter neglect.
    • 1911: Ameen Rihani, The Book of Khalid, p.37
      He helps us to understand the insignificant points which mark the rapid undercurrents of the seemingly sluggish soul of Khalid.
  2. Slow; having little motion
    • 1913, Paul Laurence Dunbar, At Sunset Time
      We float upon a sluggish stream,
      We ride no rapids mad,
      While life is all a tempered dream
      And every joy half sad.
  3. Having no power to move oneself or itself; inert.
    • 1695, John Woodward, An Essay toward a Natural History of the Earth and Terrestrial Bodies
      Matter, being impotent, sluggish, and inactive, hath no power to stir or move itself.
  4. Characteristic of a sluggard; dull; stupid; tame; simple.
  5. Exhibiting economic decline, inactivity, slow or subnormal growth.
    Inflation has been rising despite sluggish economy.

Quotations[edit]

  1. So sluggish a conceit.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (slow, having little motion): nimble

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]