-ish

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See also: ish, Ish, and -ísh

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English -ish, -isch, from Old English -isc (-ish, suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-iskaz (-ish), from Proto-Indo-European *-iskos. Cognate with Dutch -s; German -isch; whence Dutch -isch; Norwegian, Danish, and Swedish -isk or -sk; Lithuanian -iškas; and the Ancient Greek diminutive suffix -ίσκος (-ískos).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ish

  1. (appended to many kinds of words) Typical or similar to.
    Her face had a girlish charm.
    • 1859, Harriet Parr (as Holme Lee), Against Wind and Tide, volume 1, p. 273:
      [] ; for she had recently developed a magpie[-]ish tendency to appropriate and conceal trifling matters; []
  2. (appended to adjectives) Somewhat.
    Her face had a greenish tinge.
    • 1935, George Goodchild, chapter 5, in Death on the Centre Court:
      By one o'clock the place was choc-a-bloc. […] The restaurant was packed, and the promenade between the two main courts and the subsidiary courts was thronged with healthy-looking youngish people, drawn to the Mecca of tennis from all parts of the country.
  3. (appended to numbers, especially times and ages) About, approximately.
    We arrived at tennish;  We arrived tennish.
    (Sometime around ten.)
    I couldn't tell his precise age, but he was fiftyish.
  4. (appended to roots denoting names of nations or regions) Of a nationality, place, language or similar association with something.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Derived terms[edit]


Anagrams[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Suffix 1[edit]

-ish f

  1. -ish (language)
Usage notes[edit]
  • Added to names of places or peoples to denote the language spoken in that place or by that people.

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Suffix 2[edit]

-ish

  1. -self (emphatic)
Usage notes[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]