-haft

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See also: haft and Haft

Alemannic German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare German -haft.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-haft

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns.
    Masse (mass) + ‎-haft → ‎massehaft (en masse)
    Ärnscht (earnestness) + ‎-haft → ‎ärnschthaft (serious)

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German haft, from Proto-Germanic *haftaz (captured, afflicted), from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂ptós, from the root *keh₂p- (to seize).[1] Cognates include Old English hæft (captive), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐍆𐍄𐍃 (hafts), Latin captus (captured), Old Irish cacht (captive, chain), Welsh caeth (slave, captivity, chain), Latin captīvus (captive).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /-haft/, [haft]
  • The suffix has secondary stress when it follows an unstressed syllable and often also when it precedes one. When it is entirely unstressed, the /h/ may be unpronounced in common speech.
  • (file)
  • (file)

Suffix[edit]

-haft

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns.
    Masse (mass) + ‎-haft → ‎massenhaft (en masse)
    Ernst (earnestness) + ‎-haft → ‎ernsthaft (serious)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Friedrich Kluge (1989), “Haft”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological Dictionary of the German Language] (in German), 22nd edition, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN