caeth

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Welsh[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Welsh kaeth, kaet, cahet, cayt (slave), from Proto-Brythonic *kaɨθ, from Proto-Celtic *kaxtos, from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂ptós.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

caeth (feminine singular caeth, plural caeth, equative caethed, comparative caethach, superlative caethaf)

  1. bound, captive, tied
  2. addicted
  3. strict (poetic metre)

Noun[edit]

caeth m (plural caethion)

  1. slave
  2. captive
  3. bondsman, villein

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

caeth

  1. third-person singular preterite of cael

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
caeth gaeth nghaeth chaeth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “caeth”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies