Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/kaxtos

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kh₂ptós (grabbed).

Adjective[edit]

*kaxtos

  1. captive, bound

Inflection[edit]

O/ā-stem
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *kaxtos *kaxtou *kaxtoi
vocative *kaxte *kaxtou *kaxtūs
accusative *kaxtom *kaxtou *kaxtūs
genitive *kaxtī *kaxtous *kaxtom
dative *kaxtūi *kaxtobom *kaxtobos
instrumental *kaxtū *kaxtobim *kaxtobis
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *kaxtā *kaxtai *kaxtās
vocative *kaxtā *kaxtai *kaxtās
accusative *kaxtam *kaxtai *kaxtās
genitive *kaxtās *kaxtous *kaxtom
dative *kaxtai *kaxtābom *kaxtābos
instrumental *? *kaxtābim *kaxtābis
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *kaxtom *kaxtou *kaxtā
vocative *kaxtom *kaxtou *kaxtā
accusative *kaxtom *kaxtou *kaxtā
genitive *kaxtī *kaxtous *kaxtom
dative *kaxtūi *kaxtobom *kaxtobos
instrumental *kaxtū *kaxtobim *kaxtobis

Descendants[edit]

  • Brythonic: *kaɨθ
    • Breton: kaezh
    • Cornish: keth
    • Welsh: caeth
  • Old Irish: cacht