banish

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French banir (to proclaim, ban, banish) and Old English bannan, Proto-Germanic *bannaną (curse, forbid). Compare to French bannir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

banish (third-person singular simple present banishes, present participle banishing, simple past and past participle banished)

  1. (heading) To send someone away and forbid that person from returning.
    1. (with simple direct object)
      If you don't stop talking blasphemes, I will banish you.
    2. (with from)
      He was banished from the kingdom.
      • 2011 December 15, Felicity Cloake, “How to cook the perfect nut roast”, in Guardian:
        The parsnip, stilton and chestnut combination may taste good, but it's not terribly decorative. In fact, dull's the word, a lingering adjectival ghost of nut roasts past that I'm keen to banish from the table.
    3. (dated, with out of)
      • 1485 July 31, Thomas Malory, “(please specify the chapter)”, in [Le Morte Darthur], book XII, [London: William Caxton], OCLC 71490786; republished as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, Le Morte Darthur, London: Published by David Nutt, in the Strand, 1889, OCLC 890162034:
        , Ch.V, Modern Library, 1999, p.640:
        Now for Christ's love, said Sir Launcelot, keep it in counsel, and let no man know it in the world, for I am sore ashamed that I have been thus miscarried; for I am banished out of the country of Logris for ever, that is for to say the country of England.
    4. (archaic, with two simple objects (person and place))
  2. To expel, especially from the mind.
    banish fear, qualm.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      [] St. Bede's at this period of its history was perhaps the poorest and most miserable parish in the East End of London. Close-packed, crushed by the buttressed height of the railway viaduct, rendered airless by huge walls of factories, it at once banished lively interest from a stranger's mind and left only a dull oppression of the spirit.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]