environ

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English [Term?], from Old French enviruner, environner (to surround), from environ (around), from en (in) + viron (a turn), from virer (to turn, veer).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

environ (plural environs)

  1. (especially in plural) A surrounding area
    • 1811, Jane Austen, Sense and Sensibility, Chapter 19:
      His spirits, during the last two or three days, though still very unequal, were greatly improved—he grew more and more partial to the house and environs—never spoke of going away without a sigh [...]

Verb[edit]

environ (third-person singular simple present environs, present participle environing, simple past and past participle environed)

  1. To surround; to encircle.
    • 1673, John Milton, “I did but prompt the age to quit their cloggs”:
      I did but prompt the age to quit their cloggs
      By the known rules of antient libertie,
      When strait a barbarous noise environs me
      Of Owles and Cuckoes, Asses, Apes and Doggs.
    • (Can we date this quote by Spenser and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Dwelling in a pleasant glade, / With mountains round about environed.
    • c. 1591–1592, William Shakespeare, “The Third Part of Henry the Sixt, []”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene i]:
      Environed he was with many foes.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Donne and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Environ me with darkness whilst I write.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɑ̃.vi.ʁɔ̃/
  • (file)

Adverb[edit]

environ

  1. about, close to, around
    un salaire annuel d'environ 7 millions d'euros
    an annual salary of around 7 million euros

Noun[edit]

environ m (plural environs)

  1. (especially in plural) a surrounding area

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Adverb[edit]

environ

  1. about; around; roughly
  2. around
    • 1488, Jean Dupré, Lancelot du Lac, page 23:
      il regarda environ soy
      he look around him

Occitan[edit]

Adverb[edit]

environ

  1. about, around, approximately