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  1. (medicine, social sciences) A theory that views environment, rather than heredity or culture, as the important factor in the development of an individual or group.
    • 1939, Alfred L. Kroeber, “Objectives”, in Cultural and Natural Areas of Native North America, 1963 edition, page 1:
      The first is that the present work in no sense represents a relapse toward the old environmentalism which believed it could find the causes of culture in environment.
    • For more examples of usage of this term, see Citations:environmentalism.
  2. A political and social ideology that seeks to prevent the environment from degradation by human activity.

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