- (medicine, social sciences) A theory that views environment, rather than heredity or culture, as the important factor in the development of an individual or group.
1939, Alfred L. Kroeber, “Objectives”, in Cultural and Natural Areas of Native North America, 1963 edition, page 1:
- The first is that the present work in no sense represents a relapse toward the old environmentalism which believed it could find the causes of culture in environment.
- For more examples of usage of this term, see Citations:environmentalism.
- A political and social ideology that seeks to prevent the environment from degradation by human activity.
ideology seeking to prevent the degradation of environment