-ös

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Finnish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ös

  1. Front vowel variant of -os

Declension[edit]

Inflection of -ös (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative -ös -ökset
genitive -öksen -östen
-öksien
partitive -östä -öksiä
illative -ökseen -öksiin
singular plural
nominative -ös -ökset
accusative nom.? -ös -ökset
gen. -öksen
genitive -öksen -östen
-öksien
partitive -östä -öksiä
inessive -öksessä -öksissä
elative -öksestä -öksistä
illative -ökseen -öksiin
adessive -öksellä -öksillä
ablative -ökseltä -öksiltä
allative -ökselle -öksille
essive -öksenä -öksinä
translative -ökseksi -öksiksi
instructive -öksin
abessive -öksettä -öksittä
comitative -öksineen

Derived terms[edit]

Category Finnish words suffixed with -ös not found



German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French loanwords ending on -eux. Cognate to German -os, as in rigoros ‎(rigorous). Both endings stem from Latin -ōsus, -os directly and -ös indirectly.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ös

  1. A suffix, sometimes matching -ous.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “-ös” in: Friedrich Kluge, “Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache” , 22. Auflage, 1989, bearbeitet von Elmar Seebold, ISBN 3-11-006800-1

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ös

  1. (adjective suffix) Added to a noun to form an adjective meaning "having something, a quality".
    böjt ‎(fasting) → böjtös ‎(describing food eaten during fasting)
  2. (noun suffix) Added to a noun to form an occupation or a collective noun.
    bőrönd ‎(suitcase) → bőröndös ‎(a person who repairs suitcases)
    gyümölcs ‎(fruit) → gyümölcsös ‎(orchard)
  3. (number suffix) Added to an ordinal number to form a digit or figure.
    öt ‎(five) → ötös ‎(the digit or figure 5)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (all senses) Harmonic variants:
    -s is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -os is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -as is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -es is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ös is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ös

  1. -ous; making an adjective from a noun

Derived terms[edit]



Volapük[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ös

  1. An optative mood suffix for verbs; used for courteous requests.