-yn

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: yn, YN, yN, yn-, and ŷn

Danish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-yn

  1. (organic chemistry) -yne

Dutch[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-yn

  1. (organic chemistry) -yne

Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-yn

  1. Suffix variant for the illative singular, see -Vn.

Manx[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate to Irish -anna, Scottish Gaelic -an.

Suffix[edit]

-yn

  1. Pluralisation suffix, similar to English -s

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-yn

  1. -self (emphatic)
Related terms[edit]

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *-ïnn.[1] Cognate with Cornish -yn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-yn m (feminine -en)

  1. Used to form the singulative of certain words.
    winwns (onions) + ‎-yn → ‎winwnsyn (onion)
    plant (children) + ‎-yn → ‎plentyn (child)
    dillad (clothes) + ‎-yn → ‎dilledyn (item of clothing, piece of clothing)
  2. Used to form certain singular words.
    diferu (to drop, to drip) + ‎-yn → ‎diferyn (drop, drip)
    gwair (grass) + ‎-yn → ‎gweiryn (blade of grass)
    planhigion (plants) + ‎-yn → ‎planhigyn (plant)
  3. diminutive suffix
    llyfr (book) + ‎-yn → ‎llyfryn (booklet)
    arf (weapon, tool) + ‎-yn → ‎erfyn (tool, instrument)
    clwt (rag) + ‎-yn → ‎clwtyn ((little) rag)
  4. male or masculine person or creature
    cardota (to beg) + ‎-yn → ‎cardotyn (beggar)
    meddw (drunk) + ‎-yn → ‎meddwyn (drunkard)
    crwydro (to wander) + ‎-yn → ‎crwydryn (vagrant)
  5. object, item, thing
    gwydr (glass) + ‎-yn → ‎gwydryn ((drinking) glass)
    newid (change) + ‎-yn → ‎newidyn (variable)
    misol (monthly) + ‎-yn → ‎misolyn (monthly (periodical))
    echdynnu (to extract) + ‎-yn → ‎echdynnyn (extract)

Usage notes[edit]

-yn causes i-affection of internal vowels.

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Schrijver, Peter C. H. (1995) Studies in British Celtic historical phonology (Leiden studies in Indo-European; 5), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 260

R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “-yn”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies