baba

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Contents

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

As one of the first utterances many babies are able to say, baba (like mama, papa, and dada) has come to be used in many languages as a term for various family members:

  • father: Chinese, Arabic, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Greek, Marathi, Nepali, Persian, Swahili, Turkish, Yoruba, Shona, Zulu
  • grandmother: many Slavic languages (such as Bulgarian, Russian and Polish), Yiddish, Japanese
  • grandfather: Azerbaijani
  • baby: Afrikaans, Sinhala

These terms often continue to be used by English speakers whose families came from one of these cultures. In some cases, they may become more widely used in localities that have been heavily influenced by an immigrant community. Some senses were extensions of one of these family terms in the original languages ("old woman" from "grandmother", "holy man" from "father"). The "cake" sense comes through French, from Polish baba (old woman). The Middle Eastern word baba (as in Ali Baba) is rather a term of endearment, and is ultimately derived from Persian بابا (bābā, father) (from Old Persian pāpa; as opposed to the Arabic words أَبُو (ʾabū) and أَب (ʾab), as well as the Turkish word ata; see also Papak), and is linguistically related to the common European word papa and the word pope, having the same Indo-European origin.

Noun[edit]

baba (plural babas)

  1. A kind of sponge cake soaked in rum-flavoured syrup.
  2. (esp. among people of East European ancestry) A grandmother.
    • 1993, Karen Dubinsky, Improper Advances: Rape and Heterosexual Conflict in Ontario, 1880-1929, University of Chicago Press
      My baba, Ksenia Dubinsky, tells me that my education makes her proud.
    • 2001, Brattleboro Remembers, edited by the Brattleboro [Vermont] Historical Society, Arcadia Publishing
      I walked first for my grandmother, and my mother was sorry she had missed my first steps. My Baba was so proud, my mother later told me.
    • 2004, A Woman's Europe: True Stories, edited by MaryBeth Bond
      As we made eye contact, I slowly began to wonder if she was Baba. I did not know my grandmother though I'd spoken with her several times on the telephone;
  3. An old woman, especially a traditional old woman from an eastern European culture.
    • 1914, Russell Sage Foundation, Wage-earning Pittsburgh
      Only two women, typical "babas" (peasant women) in the house from which I got my quilt and bedcloth, could be coaxed to pose;
    • 1986, Janice Kulyk Keefer, The Paris-Napoli Express
      Laura hadn't known that anyone's mother could look like that, like the babas you sometimes saw downtown, bandaged in kerchiefs and aprons, sitting toothless in stockinged feet on small verandahs, peeling potatoes or beets or just shaking their heads and grimacing.
    • 2003, Food Tourism Around The World: Development, Management and Markets, edited by Colin Michael Hall and Liz Sharples
      According to some, new volunteers are becoming more difficult to recruit and there are dark suggestions that 'money is being made on the backs of the babas', the dedicated, but ageing ladies who still spend countless hours of their time preparing foodstuffs for the occasion.
  4. (esp. among people of Indian ancestry) A father.
    • 1849, Edward Bulwer Lytton, The Caxtons
      The first time I signed my exercise I wrote "Pisistratus Caxton" in my best round-hand. "And dey call your baba a scholar!" said the Doctor, contemptuously.
    • 1998, Mulan (movie)
      "The greatest gift and honor is having you for a daughter. I've missed you so." "I've missed you too, baba."
    • 2002, Bend It Like Beckham (movie)
      Okay. Okay. Fine, baba. Let's just do it before something else goes wrong.
    • 2003, House of Sand and Fog (movie)
      "Do not be disrespectful, son. Look at me." "Baba, were you a Savaki?"
  5. (Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism) A holy man, a spiritual leader.
    • 1995, Hugh J.M. Johnston and Tara Singh Bains, The Four Quarters of the Night: The Life-Journey of an Emigrant Sikh
      While I was in Port Alberni, three babas came to Canada to raise money ...
    • 2004, Andrew Robinson, Satyajit Ray: The Inner Eye: The Biography of a Master Film-Maker
      But according to Ray, 'all the babas my uncle knew were genuine. None of them was exposed. They were fairly humble people, not show-offs like the Maharishi ...
    • 2006, Suraiya Faroqhi, Subjects Of The Sultan: Culture And Daily Life In The Ottoman Empire
      Most babas had little contact with written culture and are not therefore named in books and treatises.
  6. (India, dated) A baby, child.
    • 1876, Sir George Otto Trevelyan, The Life and Letters of Lord Macaulay
      That is to say, if I do not take care, I shall go on calling my darling 'Baba' till she is as old as her mamma, and has a dozen Babas of her own.
    • 1904, Rudyard Kipling, Traffics and Discoveries
      For my child is dead--my baba is dead!
  7. In baby talk, often used for a variety of words beginning with b, such as bottle or blanket.
    • 2004, House (TV, episode 1.14)
      Oh, it's storytime! Let me get my baba.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Noun[edit]

baba (plural babas)

  1. baby

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

baba (present baba, present participle babaende, past participle gebaba)

  1. to treat with gentle care, to coddle

Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Ottoman Turkish بابا (baba).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

baba m (definite singular babi, definite plural baballarë)

  1. father

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

  • (General Cebuano) IPA(key): /baʔˈbaʔ/
  • Rhymes: -aʔ
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

Noun[edit]

baba

  1. the mouth

Pronunciation 2[edit]

  • (General Cebuano) IPA(key): /ˈbaba/
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

Verb[edit]

baba

  1. to piggyback, to carry someone on the back

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

baba

  1. father
  2. dad

Declension[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

baba f

  1. crone, hag
  2. coward, milksop

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • baba in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu

Dagbani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown.

Noun[edit]

baba (plural babanim a)

  1. Title of the second chief butcher

Noun[edit]

baba

  1. plural of babli (a featherless fowl)

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Polish baba, probably via French

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

Noun[edit]

baba

  1. baba, babka (type of cake)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of baba (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative baba babat
genitive baban babojen
partitive babaa baboja
illative babaan baboihin
singular plural
nominative baba babat
accusative nom. baba babat
gen. baban
genitive baban babojen
babainrare
partitive babaa baboja
inessive babassa baboissa
elative babasta baboista
illative babaan baboihin
adessive baballa baboilla
ablative babalta baboilta
allative baballe baboille
essive babana baboina
translative babaksi baboiksi
instructive baboin
abessive babatta baboitta
comitative baboineen

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Polish baba, introduced in France in the eighteenth century at the court of Stanisław Leszczyński, king of Poland, duke of Lorraine and father-in-law of Louis XV.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

baba m (plural babas)

  1. baba (type of cake)
    • baba au rhum(please add an English translation of this usage example)

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A link of the term with the English bye-bye is possible but not certain.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

baba

  1. (informal, chiefly in Austria) see you, so long

Usage notes[edit]

  • In Austria, especially East Austria, baba is the most commonly used informal term for saying "goodbye".

Hiligaynon[edit]

Noun[edit]

bába, bâbâ

  1. mouth

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɒbɒ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

Noun[edit]

baba (plural babák)

  1. doll
  2. baby (very young child)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative baba babák
accusative babát babákat
dative babának babáknak
instrumental babával babákkal
causal-final babáért babákért
translative babává babákká
terminative babáig babákig
essive-formal babaként babákként
essive-modal
inessive babában babákban
superessive babán babákon
adessive babánál babáknál
illative babába babákba
sublative babára babákra
allative babához babákhoz
elative babából babákból
delative babáról babákról
ablative babától babáktól
Possessive forms of baba
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. babám babáim
2nd person sing. babád babáid
3rd person sing. babája babái
1st person plural babánk babáink
2nd person plural babátok babáitok
3rd person plural babájuk babáik

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

baba

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ばば

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

baba f (diminutive babka)

  1. midwife
  2. old woman
  3. woman
  4. sponge cake

Declension[edit]


Luo[edit]

Noun[edit]

baba

  1. father

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Voiced bapa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

baba (plural baba-baba)

  1. father (male parent)

Synonyms[edit]


Mwani[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

baba class 1a (plural wababa)

  1. father

Ngarluma[edit]

Noun[edit]

baba

  1. water
  2. rain, rainwater

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *baba, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *bā́ˀbāˀ. From nursery language.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

baba f (diminutive babka or babcia, augmentative babsko or babisko)

  1. (colloquial) woman
  2. (colloquial) wife, girlfriend
  3. A type of a cake
  4. crone, hag
  5. (obsolete) grandmother
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

For the meaning of "grandmother" see babcia.

References[edit]
  • Brückner, Aleksander (1927) Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish), Warsaw: Wiedza Powszechna, published 1985

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

baba m pers

  1. baba (a holy man, a spiritual leader)
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • baba in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the hypothesized Vulgar Latin *baba, ultimately imitative of children speech on the pattern of the repeated syllable ba.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

baba f (plural babas)

  1. drool, dribble

See also[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

baba

  1. definite singular of babă

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bâba/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

Noun[edit]

bȁba f (Cyrillic spelling ба̏ба)

  1. grandmother
  2. granny, grandma
  3. (usually pejorative) old woman
  4. (pejorative) female person

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • baba” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Shona[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *bààbá.

Noun[edit]

baba class 1a

  1. father

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

baba f (genitive singular baby, nominative plural baby, genitive plural báb, declension pattern of žena)

  1. (colloquial) old woman
  2. (colloquial) girl
  3. (oldfashioned) midwife
  4. (oldfashioned) doll
  5. (oldfashioned) puppet
  6. (oldfashioned) hash brown zemiaková baba, now zemiaková placka

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • baba in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bába f (genitive bábe, nominative plural bábe)

  1. old woman, hag

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the hypothesized Vulgar Latin *baba, ultimately imitative of children speech on the pattern of the repeated syllable ba.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

baba f (plural babas)

  1. drool, dribble
    La chacha lavaba, y mientras lavaba, la baba se le caía.(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    (classroom example of b/v use)

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *bààbá.

Noun[edit]

baba (n class, plural baba)

  1. father (male parent)

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Adverb[edit]

baba

  1. low

Noun[edit]

baba

  1. (anatomy) chin

Verb[edit]

baba

  1. to descend
  2. to piggyback

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Likely from reduplication of ba, from child speak. May be related to ata.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɑˈbɑ/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

Noun[edit]

baba (definite accusative babayı, plural babalar)

  1. father
  2. Saint (as in Gül Baba)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • baba in Turkish dictionaries at Türk Dil Kurumu

Upper Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

Noun[edit]

baba f

  1. old woman, grandmother
  2. midwife
  3. dough, pastry
  4. pelican (bird)

Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-bába.

Verb[edit]

-baba?

  1. (intransitive) to taste hot, spicy
  2. (intransitive) to taste bitter
Inflection[edit]
Tone H
Infinitive ukubaba
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukubaba ukungababi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular baba babe
Plural babani babeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyababa, ngibaba engiyababa, engibaba ngibaba angibabi engingababi ngingababi
2nd singular uyababa, ubaba oyababa, obaba ubaba awubabi ongababi ungababi
1st plural siyababa, sibaba esiyababa, esibaba sibaba asibabi esingababi singababi
2nd plural niyababa, nibaba eniyababa, enibaba nibaba anibabi eningababi ningababi
Class 1 uyababa, ubaba oyababa, obaba ebaba akababi ongababi engababi
Class 2 bayababa, bababa abayababa, abababa bebaba abababi abangababi bengababi
Class 3 uyababa, ubaba oyababa, obaba ubaba awubabi ongababi ungababi
Class 4 iyababa, ibaba eyababa, ebaba ibaba ayibabi engababi ingababi
Class 5 liyababa, libaba eliyababa, elibaba libaba alibabi elingababi lingababi
Class 6 ayababa, ababa ayababa, ababa ebaba awababi angababi engababi
Class 7 siyababa, sibaba esiyababa, esibaba sibaba asibabi esingababi singababi
Class 8 ziyababa, zibaba eziyababa, ezibaba zibaba azibabi ezingababi zingababi
Class 9 iyababa, ibaba eyababa, ebaba ibaba ayibabi engababi ingababi
Class 10 ziyababa, zibaba eziyababa, ezibaba zibaba azibabi ezingababi zingababi
Class 11 luyababa, lubaba oluyababa, olubaba lubaba alubabi olungababi lungababi
Class 14 buyababa, bubaba obuyababa, obubaba bubaba abubabi obungababi bungababi
Class 15 kuyababa, kubaba okuyababa, okubaba kubaba akubabi okungababi kungababi
Class 17 kuyababa, kubaba okuyababa, okubaba kubaba akubabi okungababi kungababi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngibabile, ngibabē engibabile, engibabē ngibabile, ngibabē angibabanga engingababanga ngingababanga
2nd singular ubabile, ubabē obabile, obabē ubabile, ubabē awubabanga ongababanga ungababanga
1st plural sibabile, sibabē esibabile, esibabē sibabile, sibabē asibabanga esingababanga singababanga
2nd plural nibabile, nibabē enibabile, enibabē nibabile, nibabē anibabanga eningababanga ningababanga
Class 1 ubabile, ubabē obabile, obabē ebabile, ebabē akababanga ongababanga engababanga
Class 2 bababile, bababē abababile, abababē bebabile, bebabē abababanga abangababanga bengababanga
Class 3 ubabile, ubabē obabile, obabē ubabile, ubabē awubabanga ongababanga ungababanga
Class 4 ibabile, ibabē ebabile, ebabē ibabile, ibabē ayibabanga engababanga ingababanga
Class 5 libabile, libabē elibabile, elibabē libabile, libabē alibabanga elingababanga lingababanga
Class 6 ababile, ababē ababile, ababē ebabile, ebabē awababanga angababanga engababanga
Class 7 sibabile, sibabē esibabile, esibabē sibabile, sibabē asibabanga esingababanga singababanga
Class 8 zibabile, zibabē ezibabile, ezibabē zibabile, zibabē azibabanga ezingababanga zingababanga
Class 9 ibabile, ibabē ebabile, ebabē ibabile, ibabē ayibabanga engababanga ingababanga
Class 10 zibabile, zibabē ezibabile, ezibabē zibabile, zibabē azibabanga ezingababanga zingababanga
Class 11 lubabile, lubabē olubabile, olubabē lubabile, lubabē alubabanga olungababanga lungababanga
Class 14 bubabile, bubabē obubabile, obubabē bubabile, bubabē abubabanga obungababanga bungababanga
Class 15 kubabile, kubabē okubabile, okubabē kubabile, kubabē akubabanga okungababanga kungababanga
Class 17 kubabile, kubabē okubabile, okubabē kubabile, kubabē akubabanga okungababanga kungababanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngābaba engābaba ngābaba angibabanga engingababanga ngingababanga
2nd singular wābaba owābaba wābaba awubabanga ongababanga ungababanga
1st plural sābaba esābaba sābaba asibabanga esingababanga singababanga
2nd plural nābaba enābaba nābaba anibabanga eningababanga ningababanga
Class 1 wābaba owābaba ābaba akababanga ongababanga engababanga
Class 2 bābaba abābaba bābaba abababanga abangababanga bengababanga
Class 3 wābaba owābaba wābaba awubabanga ongababanga ungababanga
Class 4 yābaba eyābaba yābaba ayibabanga engababanga ingababanga
Class 5 lābaba elābaba lābaba alibabanga elingababanga lingababanga
Class 6 ābaba ābaba ābaba awababanga angababanga engababanga
Class 7 sābaba esābaba sābaba asibabanga esingababanga singababanga
Class 8 zābaba ezābaba zābaba azibabanga ezingababanga zingababanga
Class 9 yābaba eyābaba yābaba ayibabanga engababanga ingababanga
Class 10 zābaba ezābaba zābaba azibabanga ezingababanga zingababanga
Class 11 lwābaba olwābaba lwābaba alubabanga olungababanga lungababanga
Class 14 bābaba obābaba bābaba abubabanga obungababanga bungababanga
Class 15 kwābaba okwābaba kwābaba akubabanga okungababanga kungababanga
Class 17 kwābaba okwābaba kwābaba akubabanga okungababanga kungababanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingababa ngingababa ngingebabe ngingebabe
2nd singular ungababa ungababa ungebabe ungebabe
1st plural singababa singababa singebabe singebabe
2nd plural ningababa ningababa ningebabe ningebabe
Class 1 angababa engababa angebabe engebabe
Class 2 bangababa bengababa bangebabe bengebabe
Class 3 ungababa ungababa ungebabe ungebabe
Class 4 ingababa ingababa ingebabe ingebabe
Class 5 lingababa lingababa lingebabe lingebabe
Class 6 angababa engababa angebabe engebabe
Class 7 singababa singababa singebabe singebabe
Class 8 zingababa zingababa zingebabe zingebabe
Class 9 ingababa ingababa ingebabe ingebabe
Class 10 zingababa zingababa zingebabe zingebabe
Class 11 lungababa lungababa lungebabe lungebabe
Class 14 bungababa bungababa bungebabe bungebabe
Class 15 kungababa kungababa kungebabe kungebabe
Class 17 kungababa kungababa kungebabe kungebabe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizobaba engizobaba ngizobaba angizubaba ngingezubaba
2nd singular uzobaba ozobaba uzobaba awuzubaba ungezubaba
1st plural sizobaba esizobaba sizobaba asizubaba singezubaba
2nd plural nizobaba enizobaba nizobaba anizubaba ningezubaba
Class 1 uzobaba ozobaba ezobaba akazubaba engezubaba
Class 2 bazobaba abazobaba bezobaba abazubaba bengezubaba
Class 3 uzobaba ozobaba uzobaba awuzubaba ungezubaba
Class 4 izobaba ezobaba izobaba ayizubaba ingezubaba
Class 5 lizobaba elizobaba lizobaba alizubaba lingezubaba
Class 6 azobaba azobaba ezobaba awazubaba engezubaba
Class 7 sizobaba esizobaba sizobaba asizubaba singezubaba
Class 8 zizobaba ezizobaba zizobaba azizubaba zingezubaba
Class 9 izobaba ezobaba izobaba ayizubaba ingezubaba
Class 10 zizobaba ezizobaba zizobaba azizubaba zingezubaba
Class 11 luzobaba oluzobaba luzobaba aluzubaba lungezubaba
Class 14 buzobaba obuzobaba buzobaba abuzubaba bungezubaba
Class 15 kuzobaba okuzobaba kuzobaba akuzubaba kungezubaba
Class 17 kuzobaba okuzobaba kuzobaba akuzubaba kungezubaba
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyobaba engiyobaba ngiyobaba angiyubaba ngingeyubaba
2nd singular uyobaba oyobaba uyobaba awuyubaba ungeyubaba
1st plural siyobaba esiyobaba siyobaba asiyubaba singeyubaba
2nd plural niyobaba eniyobaba niyobaba aniyubaba ningeyubaba
Class 1 uyobaba oyobaba eyobaba akayubaba engeyubaba
Class 2 bayobaba abayobaba beyobaba abayubaba bengeyubaba
Class 3 uyobaba oyobaba uyobaba awuyubaba ungeyubaba
Class 4 iyobaba eyobaba iyobaba ayiyubaba ingeyubaba
Class 5 liyobaba eliyobaba liyobaba aliyubaba lingeyubaba
Class 6 ayobaba ayobaba eyobaba awayubaba engeyubaba
Class 7 siyobaba esiyobaba siyobaba asiyubaba singeyubaba
Class 8 ziyobaba eziyobaba ziyobaba aziyubaba zingeyubaba
Class 9 iyobaba eyobaba iyobaba ayiyubaba ingeyubaba
Class 10 ziyobaba eziyobaba ziyobaba aziyubaba zingeyubaba
Class 11 luyobaba oluyobaba luyobaba aluyubaba lungeyubaba
Class 14 buyobaba obuyobaba buyobaba abuyubaba bungeyubaba
Class 15 kuyobaba okuyobaba kuyobaba akuyubaba kungeyubaba
Class 17 kuyobaba okuyobaba kuyobaba akuyubaba kungeyubaba
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngibabe ngingababi
2nd singular ubabe ungababi
1st plural sibabe singababi
2nd plural nibabe ningababi
Class 1 ababe angababi
Class 2 bababe bangababi
Class 3 ubabe ungababi
Class 4 ibabe ingababi
Class 5 libabe lingababi
Class 6 ababe angababi
Class 7 sibabe singababi
Class 8 zibabe zingababi
Class 9 ibabe ingababi
Class 10 zibabe zingababi
Class 11 lubabe lungababi
Class 14 bubabe bungababi
Class 15 kubabe kungababi
Class 17 kubabe kungababi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngababa angibaba
2nd singular wababa awubaba
1st plural sababa asibaba
2nd plural nababa anibaba
Class 1 wababa akababa
Class 2 bababa abababa
Class 3 wababa awubaba
Class 4 yababa ayibaba
Class 5 lababa alibaba
Class 6 ababa awababa
Class 7 sababa asibaba
Class 8 zababa azibaba
Class 9 yababa ayibaba
Class 10 zababa azibaba
Class 11 lwababa alubaba
Class 14 bababa abubaba
Class 15 kwababa akubaba
Class 17 kwababa akubaba

Etymology 2[edit]

Non-lemma forms.

Noun[edit]

baba

  1. simple singular of ubaba

References[edit]