From Polish hetman, probably from Middle High German houbetman, heuptman (“commander”), from houbet, heupt (“head”), related to Latin caput (“head”), + Middle High German man (“man”). Compare modern German Hauptmann (“captain”), Haupt, Mann. The Polish e in hetman attests to a borrowing from an East Central German dialect, in which Middle High German -öu- gives -ē-.
hetman (plural hetmans)
- (historical) A Cossack headman or general.
- Title used by the second-highest military commander in Poland and Lithuania (15th to 18th century).
- Melʹnyčuk O. S., editor (1982–2012), “гетьман”, in Etymolohičnyj slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), Kiev: Naukova Dumka
hetman m anim
- (chess) Queen.
hetman m pers
- (historical) Title used by the second-highest military commander in Poland and Lithuania (15th to 18th century).
|Chess pieces in Polish · bierki szachowe (layout · text)|
|król||hetman, królowa, dama||wieża||goniec, laufer||skoczek, koń, konik||pion, pionek|