Cossack

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See also: cossack

English[edit]

Cossacks (military).

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Circa 1600, from Middle French cosaque, from Polish Kozak[1], from Ukrainian коза́к (kozák) (cf. Russian каза́к (kazák) or Russian коза́к (kozák) (older spelling)), from Kazakh казак (kazak), from Old Turkic quzzāq(quzzāq, free man, wanderer,) from *qazǧaq(*qazǧaq, profiteer), from qazǧanmaq(qazǧanmaq, to acquire), from qazmaq(qazmaq, to dig out), from Proto-Turkic *kaŕ-.[2] Doublet of Kazakh.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

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Cossack (plural Cossacks)

  1. A member or descendant of an originally (semi-)nomadic population of Eastern Europe and the adjacent parts of Asia, formed in part of runaways from neighbouring countries, that eventually settled in parts of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Russian tsarist Empire (where they constituted a legendary military caste), particularly in areas now comprising southern Russia and Ukraine.
  2. A member of a military unit (typically cavalry, originally recruited exclusively from the above).
  3. (obsolete) A Ukrainian.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ cosaque”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
  2. ^ Cossack”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, →ISBN.

Anagrams[edit]