- As a Ukrainian, Rusyn, Polish, Czech, Slovak, and Hungarian surname, all from the noun Kozak (“Cossack”). Compare the variants Kazak, Kosack, Kosak, Kozack.
- Also as a Polish and Czech surname, occupational surname for a goatherd, from koza (“nanny goat”). This is also found in Slovene and Serbo-Croatian, though probably influenced by the sense above.
- Also as a Slovak and Czech surname, possibly from kozák (“kind of mushroom”).
- As a Turkish surname, from kozak (“cone”) or its homonym meaning "shady place," from Ottoman Turkish قوزاق.
- As a Jewish surname, from Yiddish קאָזאַק (kozak, “Cossack”), related to the first sense above.
Kozak (plural Kozaks)
Some Ukrainians recommend "Kozak" as the proper and correct spelling, instead of "Cossack", when referring to Ukrainian Cossacks instead of Russian Cossacks.
- According to the 2010 United States Census, Kozak is the 4733rd most common surname in the United States, belonging to 7495 individuals. Kozak is most common among White (96.0%) individuals.
- Hanks, Patrick, editor (2003), “Kozak”, in Dictionary of American Family Names, volume 2, New York City: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 345.
Borrowed from Ukrainian коза́к (kozák), from Old East Slavic козакъ (kozakŭ), from Turkic, from Old Turkic 𐰴𐰔𐰍𐰸 (*qazǧaq, “profiteer”), from 𐰴𐰔𐰍𐰣𐰢𐰸 (qazǧanmaq, “to acquire”), from 𐰴𐰔𐰢𐰸 (qazmaq, “to dig out”), from Proto-Turkic *kaŕ-. Doublet of kozak (“badass”) and Kazach (“Kazakh”).
Kozak m pers (feminine Kozaczka)
- Cossack (member of a population)
Kozak m pers
- a male surname
Kozak f (indeclinable)
- a female surname