caste

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese or Spanish casta (lineage, breed, race), of uncertain origin. The OED derives it from Portuguese casto (chaste), from Latin castus. Coromines (1987) argues instead for a hypothetical Gothic form *𐌺𐌰𐍃𐍄𐍃 (*kasts), cognate with English cast, from Proto-Germanic *kastuz

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

caste (plural castes)

  1. Any of the hereditary social classes and subclasses of South Asian societies.
    • 2017 April 6, Samira Shackle, “On the frontline with Karachi’s ambulance drivers”, in the Guardian[1]:
      Pakistan is a conservative, religious state. The Edhi Foundation is unusual in its ignoring of caste, creed, religion and sect. This strict stance has led to some criticism from religious groups.
  2. A separate and fixed order or class of persons in society who chiefly associate with each other.
    • Macaulay
      The tinkers then formed an hereditary caste.
  3. (zoology) A class of polymorphous eusocial insects of a particular size and function within a colony.

Hyponyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Verb[edit]

caste

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of casten

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

caste f (plural castes)

  1. caste (hereditary class)
  2. class (social position)

References[edit]


Galician[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *kastōną (to throw, cast), compare English cast.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

caste f (plural castes)

  1. species, race or kind
    • 1853, Juan Manuel Pintos, A Gaita Gallega, Pontevedra: Impr. de D. José e D. Primitivo Vilas, page 29:
      Por aquí nacen os ricos polo outro probes labregos. Estas son as dúas castes que hai en todo o mundo inteiro.
      Here the rich people are born, there the poor peasants; these are the two races that there are in the whole world
  2. quality
    • 1859, Ramón Barros Silvelo, Un dia de desfertuna, page 3:
      Dime logo que o probe do animal ou é de mala caste, ou ben non come
      He readily told me that the animal [that I was selling] either was of bad quality, or either it didn't eat
  3. progeny; group of people that share a common ancestor
    • 1853, Juan Manuel Pintos, A Gaita Gallega, Pontevedra: Impr. de D. José e D. Primitivo Vilas, page 8:
      { soy llamado Pedro Luces ... } - To to to, vamos con tento que un home con ese nome pode ser caste do demo.
      {I am called Peter Lights...} —Wo wo wo! Let us be careful: a man with that name could de a Devil's child.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • caste” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • caste” in Santamarina, Antón (coord.): Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega. <http://ilg.usc.es/TILG/>
  • caste” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega. <http://ilg.usc.es/Tesouro>
  1. ^ Coromines, Joan; Pascual, José A. (1991–1997). Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico. Madrid: Gredos, s.v. casta.

Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

caste

  1. feminine plural of casto

Noun[edit]

caste f

  1. plural of casta

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From castus +‎ .

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

castē (comparative castius, superlative castissimē)

  1. purely, spotlessly, virtuously
  2. piously, religiously

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected form of castus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

caste

  1. vocative masculine singular of castus

References[edit]