castus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Verbal adjective from Proto-Indo-European *ḱes- (to cut), the same root of careō (I lack).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

castus (feminine casta, neuter castum, comparative castior, superlative castissimus, adverb castē); first/second-declension adjective

  1. morally pure, guiltless
  2. pure, chaste, free from barbarisms
  3. religious, pious

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative castus casta castum castī castae casta
Genitive castī castae castī castōrum castārum castōrum
Dative castō castō castīs
Accusative castum castam castum castōs castās casta
Ablative castō castā castō castīs
Vocative caste casta castum castī castae casta

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Asturian: castu
  • Catalan: cast
  • English: chaste, caste
  • French: chaste, caste
  • Friulian: cast
  • Galician: casto

Noun[edit]

castus m (genitive castūs); fourth declension

  1. (ante-Classical, post-classical) an abstinence from sensual enjoyments on religious grounds

Declension[edit]

Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative castus castūs
Genitive castūs castuum
Dative castuī castibus
Accusative castum castūs
Ablative castū castibus
Vocative castus castūs

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]