careo

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See also: careó

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *kazēō, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *ḱes- (to cut).

De Vaan rejects the etymology from *ḱes-, finding it too semantically difficult to reconcile the stative ending -ēre, 'to lack, be lacking', and a stative Indo-European 'to be cutting something'. He mentions a 2000 paper by George Dunkel linking the derived castīgō to Sanskrit शास्ति (śāsti, to teach, correct), but rejects this too as other words in the word family seem to stem from 'be lacking, pure'.

Noteworthy is the same development in the Portuguese use of precisar (in passive meaning equivalent to carecer, from this careō), derived from preciso, from Latin praecīsus (cut, shortened).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

careō (present infinitive carēre, perfect active caruī, supine caritum); second conjugation

  1. I lack, am without. (usually with ablative)
    Synonyms: egeō, dēlinquō, deficiō, cessō, dēsum
    Antonym: abundō
    • Caesar, de Bello Gallico VII, 17:
      Usque eo ut complures dies frumento milites caruerint
      to the degree that the soldiers were without corn
    • Sī versūs hōrum duōrum poētārum neglegētis, magnā parte litterārum carēbitis.
      If you neglect the verses of these two poets, you will miss a great part of literature.
    • Imperātor mīlitibus proeliō caruit.
      The general was without soldiers for the battle.
  2. I am separated from.
  3. I am deprived of.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Always used with the ablative of separation.

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of careō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present careō carēs caret carēmus carētis carent
imperfect carēbam carēbās carēbat carēbāmus carēbātis carēbant
future carēbō carēbis carēbit carēbimus carēbitis carēbunt
perfect caruī caruistī caruit caruimus caruistis caruērunt,
caruēre
pluperfect carueram caruerās caruerat caruerāmus caruerātis caruerant
future perfect caruerō carueris caruerit caruerimus carueritis caruerint
passive present careor carēris,
carēre
carētur carēmur carēminī carentur
imperfect carēbar carēbāris,
carēbāre
carēbātur carēbāmur carēbāminī carēbantur
future carēbor carēberis,
carēbere
carēbitur carēbimur carēbiminī carēbuntur
perfect caritus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect caritus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect caritus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present caream careās careat careāmus careātis careant
imperfect carērem carērēs carēret carērēmus carērētis carērent
perfect caruerim caruerīs caruerit caruerīmus caruerītis caruerint
pluperfect caruissem caruissēs caruisset caruissēmus caruissētis caruissent
passive present carear careāris,
careāre
careātur careāmur careāminī careantur
imperfect carērer carērēris,
carērēre
carērētur carērēmur carērēminī carērentur
perfect caritus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect caritus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present carē carēte
future carētō carētō carētōte carentō
passive present carēre carēminī
future carētor carētor carentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives carēre caruisse caritūrum esse carērī caritum esse caritum īrī
participles carēns caritūrus caritus carendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
carendī carendō carendum carendō caritum caritū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: caret
  • French: carence
  • Ido: karear
  • Portuguese: carecer
  • Spanish: carecer
  • Spanish: carencia

References[edit]

  • careo”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • careo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • careo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • not to possess the sense of hearing: sensu audiendi carere
    • to be deprived of the rites of burial: sepulturae honore carere
    • to be deprived of the rites of burial: iustis exsequiarum carere
    • the word carere means..: vox, nomen carendi or simply carere hoc significat (Tusc. 1. 36. 88)
    • to be free from faults: omni vitio carere
    • to never appear in public: publico carere, se abstinere
    • to shun publicity: publico carere, forum ac lucem fugere
    • to shun publicity: forensi luce carere
    • to be in exile: patria carere
    • to be free from blame: culpa carere, vacare
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “careō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 92-93
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 586

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kaˈɾeo/, [kaˈɾe.o]

Etymology 1[edit]

Deverbal of carear.

Noun[edit]

careo m (plural careos)

  1. face-to-face meeting

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

careo

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of carear.

Further reading[edit]