जाति

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit जाति (jātí).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

जाति (jātif

  1. birth
  2. caste; subcaste, community; community placed in at birth
  3. high caste
  4. race; species
  5. tribe, nationality, lineage

Declension[edit]

Declension of जाति
Singular Plural
Direct जाति (jāti) जातियाँ (jātiyā̃)
Oblique जाति (jāti) जातियों (jātiyõ)
Vocative जाति (jāti) जातियो (jātiyo)

Nepali[edit]

Noun[edit]

जाति (jāti)

  1. ethnic group
  2. race

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

जाति f

  1. Devanagari script form of jāti

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *ȷ́aHtíṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ĵáHtiš, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénh₁tis (birth, production). Cognate with Latin gēns, Ancient Greek γένεσις (génesis), Proto-Germanic *kinþiz.

Alternative scripts[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

जाति (jātíf

  1. birth, production
  2. rebirth
  3. the form of existence (as man, animal, etc.) fixed by birth
  4. position assigned by birth, rank, caste, family, race, lineage
  5. kind, genus (opposed to species), species (opposed to individual), class
  6. the generic properties (opposed to the specific ones)
  7. the character of a species, genuine or true state of anything
  8. reduction of fractions to a common denominator
  9. a self-confuting reply (founded merely on similarity or dissimilarity)
  10. a particular figure of speech
  11. a class of metres
  12. a manner of singing
  13. fireplace
  14. mace, nutmeg

Declension[edit]

Feminine i-stem declension of जाति (jātí)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative जातिः
jātíḥ
जाती
jātī́
जातयः
jātáyaḥ
Vocative जाते
jā́te
जाती
jā́tī
जातयः
jā́tayaḥ
Accusative जातिम्
jātím
जाती
jātī́
जातीः
jātī́ḥ
Instrumental जात्या
jātyā̀
जातिभ्याम्
jātíbhyām
जातिभिः
jātíbhiḥ
Dative जातये / जात्ये¹ / जात्यै²
jātáye / jātyè¹ / jātyaì²
जातिभ्याम्
jātíbhyām
जातिभ्यः
jātíbhyaḥ
Ablative जातेः / जात्याः²
jātéḥ / jātyā̀ḥ²
जातिभ्याम्
jātíbhyām
जातिभ्यः
jātíbhyaḥ
Genitive जातेः / जात्याः²
jātéḥ / jātyā̀ḥ²
जात्योः
jātyóḥ
जातीनाम्
jātīnā́m
Locative जातौ / जात्याम्²
jātaú / jātyā̀m²
जात्योः
jātyóḥ
जातिषु
jātíṣu
Notes
  • ¹Less common
  • ²Later Sanskrit

Borrowed terms[edit]