जाति

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit जाति (jāti).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

जाति (jātif

  1. birth
  2. caste; subcaste, community; community placed in at birth
  3. high caste
  4. race; species
  5. tribe, nationality, lineage

Declension[edit]

Declension of जाति
Singular Plural
Direct जाति (jāti) जातियाँ (jātiyā̃)
Oblique जाति (jāti) जातियों (jātiyõ)
Vocative जाति (jāti) जातियो (jātiyo)

Nepali[edit]

Noun[edit]

जाति (jāti)

  1. ethnic group
  2. race

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *ȷ́aHtíṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ĵáHtiš, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénh₁tis (birth, production). Cognate with Ancient Greek γένεσις (génesis), Proto-Germanic *kinþiz.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /d͡ʑɑː.t̪í/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʑɑː.t̪i/
  • Noun[edit]

    जाति (jātíf

    1. birth, production
    2. rebirth
    3. the form of existence (as man, animal, etc.) fixed by birth
    4. position assigned by birth, rank, caste, family, race, lineage
    5. kind, genus (opposed to species), species (opposed to individual), class
    6. the generic properties (opposed to the specific ones)
    7. the character of a species, genuine or true state of anything
    8. reduction of fractions to a common denominator
    9. a self-confuting reply (founded merely on similarity or dissimilarity)
    10. a particular figure of speech
    11. a class of metres
    12. a manner of singing
    13. fireplace
    14. mace, nutmeg

    Declension[edit]

    Feminine i-stem declension of जाति
    Nom. sg. जातिः (jātiḥ)
    Gen. sg. जात्याः / जातेः (jātyāḥ / jāteḥ)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative जातिः (jātiḥ) जाती (jātī) जातयः (jātayaḥ)
    Vocative जाते (jāte) जाती (jātī) जातयः (jātayaḥ)
    Accusative जातिम् (jātim) जाती (jātī) जातीः (jātīḥ)
    Instrumental जात्या (jātyā) जातिभ्याम् (jātibhyām) जातिभिः (jātibhiḥ)
    Dative जात्यै / जातये (jātyai / jātaye) जातिभ्याम् (jātibhyām) जातिभ्यः (jātibhyaḥ)
    Ablative जात्याः / जातेः (jātyāḥ / jāteḥ) जातिभ्याम् (jātibhyām) जातिभ्यः (jātibhyaḥ)
    Genitive जात्याः / जातेः (jātyāḥ / jāteḥ) जात्योः (jātyoḥ) जातीनाम् (jātīnām)
    Locative जात्याम् / जातौ (jātyām / jātau) जात्योः (jātyoḥ) जातिषु (jātiṣu)

    Borrowed terms[edit]