coward

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See also: Coward

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English coward, from Old French coart, cuard ( > French couard), from coue (tail), coe + -ard (pejorative agent noun suffix); coue, coe is in turn from Latin cauda. The reference seems to be to an animal “turning tail”, or having its tail between its legs, especially a dog. Unrelated to English cower. Displaced native Old English earg.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

coward (plural cowards)

  1. A person who lacks courage.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

coward (comparative more coward, superlative most coward)

  1. Cowardly.
  2. (heraldry, of a lion) Borne in the escutcheon with his tail doubled between his legs.

Verb[edit]

coward (third-person singular simple present cowards, present participle cowarding, simple past and past participle cowarded)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To intimidate.
    • 1820, John Chalkhill, Thealma and Clearchus
      The first he coped with was their captain, whom / His sword sent headless to seek out a tomb. / This cowarded the valour of the rest, []

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French coart; equivalent to Old French coe (tail) +‎ -ard. Compare taylarde.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkuːard/, /ˈkɔu̯ard/

Noun[edit]

coward

  1. coward, knave
  2. (rare) idiot, simpleton

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: coward
  • Scots: cooart, coort

References[edit]

Adjective[edit]

coward

  1. cowardly
  2. (rare) stupid

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]