-ard

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English -ard, from Old French -ard (suffix), from Frankish *-hard (hardy, bold), from Proto-Germanic *harduz (hard). More at hard.

Suffix[edit]

-ard

  1. Someone who is in a specified condition (“pejorative agent suffix”).
    drunk + ‎-ard → ‎drunkard
    dull + ‎-ard → ‎dullard

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French, from Old French -ard, -art, from Frankish *-hard (hardy, bold), from Proto-Germanic *harduz (hard), from Proto-Indo-European *kert-, *kret- (strong). More at English hard.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /aʁ/
  • (file)

Suffix[edit]

-ard m (plural -ards, feminine -arde)

  1. forms pejoratives, diminutives, and nouns representing or belonging to a particular class or sort
    Coordinate term: -asse
    clocher (to wobble) + ‎-ard → ‎clochard (tramp, vagrant)
    flemme (laziness) + ‎-ard → ‎flemmard (idler)
    soul (drunk) + ‎-ard → ‎soulard (drunkard)
    chauffeur (driver) + ‎-ard → ‎chauffard (bad driver)
    montagne (mountain) + ‎-ard → ‎montagnard (mountain-dweller)
    route (road) + ‎-ard → ‎routard (backpacker)

Derived terms[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old French -ard, -art, from Frankish *-hard.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ard

  1. Forming pejorative agent nouns from other nouns; -ard.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: -ard

References[edit]