courage

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See also: Courage

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Old French corage (French courage), from Vulgar Latin *coraticum, from Latin cor (heart). Distantly related to cardiac (of the heart), which is from Greek, but from the same Proto-Indo-European root.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

courage (usually uncountable, plural courages)

  1. The quality of a confident character not to be afraid or intimidated easily but without being incautious or inconsiderate.
    It takes a lot of courage to be successful in business.
    • 1860, Ralph Waldo Emerson, The Conduct of Life:
      A great part of courage is the courage of having done the thing before.
  2. The ability to do things which one finds frightening.
    He plucked up the courage to tell her how he felt.
    • 1893, Mark Twain, Pudd'nhead Wilson and those Extraordinary Twins[1], page 115:
      Courage is resistance to fear, mastery of fear — not absence of fear.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

courage (third-person singular simple present courages, present participle couraging, simple past and past participle couraged)

  1. (obsolete) To encourage. [15th-17thc.]
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter x, in Le Morte Darthur, book XIX:
      And wete yow wel sayd kynge Arthur vnto Vrres syster I shalle begynne to handle hym and serche vnto my power not presumyng vpon me that I am soo worthy to hele youre sone by my dedes / but I wille courage other men of worshyp to doo as I wylle doo
    • 1530, William Tyndale, "An Answer unto Sir Thomas More's Dialogue":
      Paul writeth unto Timothy, to instruct him, to teach him, to exhort, to courage him, to stir him up,

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

cœur +‎ -age or Middle French corage, from Old French corage, from Vulgar Latin *coraticum, from Latin cor.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

courage m (plural courages)

  1. courage
    Synonyms: bravoure

Derived terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

courage !

  1. keep going!

Usage notes[edit]

"bon courage !" has a slightly different meaning: "good luck!".

Further reading[edit]