discourage

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French descourager (modern French décourager), from Old French descouragier, from des- and corage. Surface analysis dis- +‎ courage.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

discourage (third-person singular simple present discourages, present participle discouraging, simple past and past participle discouraged)

  1. (transitive) To extinguish the courage of; to dishearten; to depress the spirits of; to deprive of confidence; to deject.
    Don't be discouraged by the amount of work left to do: you'll finish it in good time.
  2. (transitive) To persuade somebody not to do (something).
    • 1854, Abraham Lincoln., Notes for a Law Lecture:
      Discourage litigation. Persuade your neighbors to compromise whenever you can.

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Noun[edit]

discourage (uncountable)

  1. (rare) Lack of courage

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