Herz

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See also: herz and hèrz

Bavarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with German Herz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Herz n (plural Herzn)

  1. heart
  2. (card games) hearts

See also[edit]

German suits in Bavarian · 's Deitsche Blatt (layout · text)
Bay herz.svg Bay schellen.svg Bay gras.svg Bay eichel.svg
Herz Schelln Groos Oachl

German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German herze, from Old High German herza, from Proto-West Germanic *hertā, from Proto-Germanic *hertô (heart), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr (heart). Cognate with Dutch hart, English heart, Danish hjerte, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐍂𐍄𐍉 (hairtō).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /hɛrts/, [hɛʁt͡s], [hɛɐ̯t͡s]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Homophone: Hertz

Noun[edit]

Herz n (weak, genitive Herzens or (very rare) Herzes, plural Herzen, diminutive Herzchen n or Herzlein n)

  1. heart
  2. (card games) hearts
  3. sweetheart, darling

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Herz has irregular singular declension and is the only noun of its kind.
  • The genitive singular takes the ending -ens: des Herzens. The form des Herzes is very rare and generally considered nonstandard.
  • The dative singular traditionally takes -en: dem Herzen. This form is still the only accepted standard form in many—more or less fixed—expressions, such as im Herzen, von Herzen, zu Herzen, Operation am offenen Herzen (open-heart surgery), mit halbem Herzen (half-heartedly), and others.
Only the bare form dem Herz is common when referring to a card suit, as a term of endearment, and in the phrase mit Herz (good-hearted)
Otherwise, the forms dem Herzen and dem Herz are both acceptable. The latter is predominant in speech, while the former remains the more established form in writing.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Macedonian: херц m (herc)
  • Serbo-Croatian:
    Cyrillic: хе̏рц m
    Latin: hȅrc m

See also[edit]

Suits in German · Farbe (layout · text)
Suit Hearts (open clipart).svg SuitDiamonds.svg SuitSpades.svg SuitClubs.svg
Herz Karo Pik, Schippe Kreuz, Treff
German suits in German · das Deutsche Blatt (layout · text)
Bay herz.svg Bay schellen.svg Bay gras.svg Bay eichel.svg
Herz, Rot Schellen Laub, Grün Eichel, Eckern

Further reading[edit]

  • Herz” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • Herz” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • Herz” in Duden online
  • Herz” in OpenThesaurus.de
  • Wikipedia-logo.svg Herz on the German Wikipedia.Wikipedia de

Hunsrik[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Central Franconian Hätz, from Middle High German herze, from Old High German herza, from Proto-Germanic *hertô (heart), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr (heart).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Herz n (plural Herze, diminutive Herzje)

  1. heart
    Mein Herz dud weh.
    My heart hurts.

Further reading[edit]