hart

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See also: Hart, HART, and hårt

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English hert, from Old English heorot (stag), from Proto-Germanic *herutaz (compare Dutch hert, German Hirsch, Danish/Norwegian/Swedish hjort), from Pre-Germanic *kerudos, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóru (horn).

Noun[edit]

hart (plural harts)

  1. A male deer, especially the male of the red deer after his fifth year.
  2. A red deer or one of related species.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See heart.

Noun[edit]

hart (plural harts)

  1. Obsolete spelling of heart

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch hart, from Middle Dutch herte, harte, from Old Dutch herta, from Proto-Germanic *hertô, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr.

Noun[edit]

hart (plural harte)

  1. heart

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch herte, harte, from Old Dutch herta, from Proto-Germanic *hertô, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr.

Noun[edit]

hart n (plural harten, diminutive hartje n)

  1. heart, main muscle pumping blood through the body:
  2. The center point or zone of an object, image etc.
  3. The core or essence of some thing, reasoning etc.
  4. Compassionate or similar feelings
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

hart n (plural harten, diminutive hartje n)

  1. (Northern) Archaic form of hert (deer).

Faroese[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hart (neuter of harður)

  1. hard
  2. loud

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French hart, from Old French hart, hard, a borrowing from Frankish *harda, from Proto-Germanic *hezdǭ. Compare Middle Dutch herde, German Hardt.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hart f (plural harts)

  1. (archaic) cord, rope; halter (hangman's rope)

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German hart, from Proto-Germanic *harduz, from Proto-Indo-European *kert-, *kret- (strong; powerful). Cognate with Low German hard, hart, Dutch hard, English hard, Danish hård.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (standard German) IPA(key): /haʁt/
  • (common, especially in northern and central Germany) IPA(key): /haːt/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

hart (comparative härter, superlative am härtesten)

  1. hard
  2. severe, harsh
    • 2012 May 2, Die Welt [1], page 10:
      Die harten Einschnitte zum Schuldenabbau standen in vielen EU-Ländern im Zentrum der Kritik der Demonstranten.
      The severe cuts for the reduction of debt were in many EU countries at the center of criticism by the protesters.

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

hart

  1. hard
  2. sharply, roughly, severely
  3. close (an (+ dative) to)

Further reading[edit]

  • hart in Duden online

Icelandic[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hart

  1. neuter nominative/accusative of harður

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from English heart.

Noun[edit]

hart m (genitive singular hairt, nominative plural hairt)

  1. (card games) heart
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun[edit]

hart

  1. h-prothesized form of art

References[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch hart, from Proto-Germanic *harduz.

Adjective[edit]

hart

  1. hard (not soft)
  2. solid, sturdy
  3. hard, harsh, cruel

Inflection[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • hart”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • hart (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

North Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian herte. Cognates include West Frisian hert.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hart n (plural harten)

  1. (Mooring and Föhr-Amrum dialects) heart
    At hart klopet/böget.
    My heart is beating.

Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *harduz.

Adjective[edit]

hart (comparative hardiro, superlative hardist)

  1. hard

Inflection[edit]


Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • hart (II)”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *harduz, whence also Old Saxon hard, Old Dutch hart, Old English heard, Old Norse harðr, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐍂𐌳𐌿𐍃 (hardus). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kert-, *kret- (strong; powerful).

Adjective[edit]

hart

  1. hard

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hart m inan

  1. strength, resilience, fortitude

Usage notes[edit]

On its own, used mainly in the idiom hart ducha. Most of the derived terms are technical and refer to steel hardening.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • hart in Polish dictionaries at PWN

West Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

hart n (plural harten, diminutive hartsje)

  1. deer

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • hart (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011