hart

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See also: Hart, HART, and hårt

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English hert, from Old English heorot (stag), from Proto-Germanic *herutaz (compare Dutch hert, German Hirsch, Danish/Norwegian/Swedish hjort), from Pre-Germanic *kerudos, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóru (horn).

Noun[edit]

hart (plural harts)

  1. A male deer, especially the male of the red deer after his fifth year.
  2. A male red deer or one of related species.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See heart.

Noun[edit]

hart (plural harts)

  1. Obsolete spelling of heart

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch hart, from Middle Dutch herte, harte, from Old Dutch herta, from Proto-Germanic *hertô, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr.

Noun[edit]

hart (plural harte)

  1. heart

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch herte, harte, from Old Dutch herta, from Proto-West Germanic *hertā, from Proto-Germanic *hertô, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr.

Noun[edit]

hart n (plural harten, diminutive hartje n)

  1. heart, main muscle pumping blood through the body:
  2. The center point or zone of an object, image etc.
  3. The core or essence of some thing, reasoning etc.
  4. Compassionate or similar feelings
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: hart
  • Negerhollands: hert, hart, hat

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

hart n (plural harten, diminutive hartje n)

  1. (Northern) Archaic form of hert (deer).

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See harður (hard, loud)

Adjective[edit]

hart (neuter of harður)

  1. hard
  2. loud

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French hart, from Old French hart, hard, a borrowing from Frankish *heʀdā.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hart f (plural harts)

  1. (archaic) cord, rope; halter (hangman's rope)

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German hart, Old High German hart, from Proto-West Germanic *hard(ī), from Proto-Germanic *harduz, from Proto-Indo-European kortús (strong; powerful). Cognate with Low German hard, hart, Dutch hard, English hard, Danish hård.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hart (comparative härter, superlative am härtesten)

  1. hard
  2. severe, harsh
    • 1981, “Polizisten”, performed by Extrabreit:
      Sie rauchen "Milde Sorte" / Weil–das Leben ist doch hart genug
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 2012 May 2, Die Welt, page 10:
      Die harten Einschnitte zum Schuldenabbau standen in vielen EU-Ländern im Zentrum der Kritik der Demonstranten.
      The severe cuts for the reduction of debt were in many EU countries at the center of criticism by the protesters.
  3. (figuratively) unmoved, cold, cruel
    • 1924, Thomas Mann, Der Zauberberg [The Magic Mountain], volume 1, Berlin: S. Fischer, page 528:
      Seit vier Jahren hier oben, war die Mittellose von harten Verwandten abhängig, die sie schon einmal, da sie doch sterben müsse, von hier fortgenommen und nur auf Einspruch des Hofrats wieder heraufgeschickt hatten.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

hart

  1. hard (with force or effort)
    Sie haben die ganze Woche hart gearbeitet.
    They worked hard all week.
  2. sharply, roughly, severely
  3. close (an (+ dative) to)

Further reading[edit]

  • hart” in Duden online
  • hart” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Icelandic[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hart

  1. neuter nominative/accusative of harður

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from English heart.

Noun[edit]

hart m (genitive singular hairt, nominative plural hairt)

  1. (card games) heart
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

hart

  1. h-prothesized form of art

References[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch hart

Adjective[edit]

hart

  1. hard (not soft)
  2. solid, sturdy
  3. hard, harsh, cruel

Inflection[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


North Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian herte, from Proto-West Germanic *hertā. Cognates include West Frisian hert.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hart n (plural harten)

  1. (Mooring and Föhr-Amrum dialects) heart
    At hart klopet/böget.
    My heart is beating.

Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *hard(ī).

Adjective[edit]

hart (comparative hardiro, superlative hardist)

  1. hard

Inflection[edit]


Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • hart (II)”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *hard(ī), from Proto-Germanic *harduz, whence also Old Saxon hard, Old Dutch hart, Old English heard, Old Norse harðr, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐍂𐌳𐌿𐍃 (hardus). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kert-, *kret- (strong; powerful).

Adjective[edit]

hart

  1. hard

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hart

  1. strong neuter nominative/accusative singular of harðr

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Härte, from Old High German hartī.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hart m inan

  1. strength, resilience, fortitude

Usage notes[edit]

On its own, used mainly in the idiom hart ducha. Most of the derived terms are technical and refer to steel hardening.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • hart in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • hart in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish hart, from Old Swedish harþer, from Old Norse harðr. Doublet of hård.

Adverb[edit]

hart (not comparable)

  1. Only used in hart när

References[edit]


West Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian hert, from Proto-West Germanic *herut.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hart n (plural harten, diminutive hartsje)

  1. deer

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • hart (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011