cervus

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See also: Cervus

Latin[edit]

cervī (stags)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱr̥h₂wós, from *ḱerh₂- (horn) (whence English horn, hirn, Latin cornū (horn)) + *-wós (whence Latin -vus). Cognate with Welsh carw (deer), Greek κεραός (keraós, horned). The first-syllable e was likely taken from the PIE root noun *ḱerh₂s (horn) (itself eventually lost in Latin), while the shift in meaning from 'horned' to 'deer' may be common Italo-Celtic.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cervus m (genitive cervī); second declension

  1. deer, stag
  2. (by extension) forked stakes
  3. (military) cheval de frise

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cervus cervī
genitive cervī cervōrum
dative cervō cervīs
accusative cervum cervōs
ablative cervō cervīs
vocative cerve cervī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • cervus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cervus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “cervus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • cervus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
    • ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill