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See also: Cervus


cervī (stags)

Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Indo-European *ḱr̥h₂wós, from *ḱerh₂- (horn) (whence English horn, hirn, Latin cornū (horn)) + *-wós (whence Latin -vus). Cognate with Welsh carw (deer), Greek κεραός (keraós, horned). The first-syllable e was likely taken from the PIE root noun *ḱerh₂s (horn) (itself eventually lost in Latin), while the shift in meaning from 'horned' to 'deer' may be common Italo-Celtic.[1]



cervus m (genitive cervī); second declension

  1. deer, stag
  2. (by extension) forked stakes
  3. (military) cheval de frise


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cervus cervī
genitive cervī cervōrum
dative cervō cervīs
accusative cervum cervōs
ablative cervō cervīs
vocative cerve cervī

Derived terms[edit]



  • cervus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cervus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “cervus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • cervus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
    • ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill