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See also: Cervus


cervī (stags)

Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Italic *kerwos, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱr̥h₂wós, from *ḱerh₂- (horn) (whence English horn, hirn, Latin cornū (horn)) + *-wós (whence Latin -vus).

Cognate with Welsh carw (deer), Greek κεραός (keraós, horned). The first-syllable e was likely taken from the PIE root noun *ḱerh₂s (horn) (itself eventually lost in Latin), while the shift in meaning from 'horned' to 'deer' may be common Italo-Celtic.[1]



cervus m (genitive cervī); second declension

  1. deer, stag
  2. (by extension) forked stakes
  3. (military) cheval de frise


Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cervus cervī
Genitive cervī cervōrum
Dative cervō cervīs
Accusative cervum cervōs
Ablative cervō cervīs
Vocative cerve cervī

Derived terms[edit]


  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: tserbu
    • Romanian: cerb
  • Gallo-Italic:
  • Gallo-Romance:
  • Ibero-Romance:
  • Italo-Dalmatian:
  • Sardinian:
  • Borrowings:


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • cervus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cervus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cervus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • cervus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.