Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-wós

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the suffix forming the perfect active participle.

Suffix[edit]

*(Ø)-wós

  1. Creates adjectives from verb stems.

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *-wós *-wéh₂
genitive *-wósyo *-wéh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *-wós *-wóh₁ *-wóes
vocative *-wé *-wóh₁ *-wóes
accusative *-wóm *-wóh₁ *-wóns
genitive *-wósyo *? *-wóoHom
ablative *-wéad *? *-wómos
dative *-wóey *? *-wómos
locative *-wéy, *-wóy *? *-wóysu
instrumental *-wóh₁ *? *-wṓys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *-wéh₂ *-wéh₂h₁(e) *-wéh₂es
vocative *-wéh₂ *-wéh₂h₁(e) *-wéh₂es
accusative *-wā́m *-wéh₂h₁(e) *-wéh₂n̥s
genitive *-wéh₂s *? *-wéh₂oHom
ablative *-wéh₂s *? *-wéh₂mos
dative *-wéh₂ey *? *-wéh₂mos
locative *-wéh₂, *-wéh₂i *? *-wéh₂su
instrumental *-wéh₂h₁ *? *-wéh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *-wóm *-wóy(h₁) *-wéh₂
vocative *-wóm *-wóy(h₁) *-wéh₂
accusative *-wóm *-wóy(h₁) *-wéh₂
genitive *-wósyo *? *-wóoHom
ablative *-wéad *? *-wómos
dative *-wóey *? *-wómos
locative *-wéy, *-wóy *? *-wóysu
instrumental *-wóh₁ *? *-wṓys

Descendants[edit]

Derived terms[edit]