mod

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See also: Mod, MOD, MoD, mód, mōd, möd, and mod.

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

Abbreviations.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mod (countable and uncountable, plural mods)

  1. (uncountable) An unconventionally modern style of fashionable dress originating in England in the 1960s, characterized by ankle-length black trenchcoats and sunglasses.
  2. (UK) A 1960s British person who dressed in such a style and was interested in modernism and the modern music of the time; the opposite of a rocker.
  3. (informal) Clipping of modification.
  4. (video games) An end user-created package containing modifications to the look or behaviour of a video game.
    Coordinate terms: add-on, DLC, expansion pack
  5. (Internet) A moderator, for example on a discussion forum.
  6. (computing, informal) A module (file containing a tracker music sequence).
    • 1992, Jordan K. Hubbard, “How to convert Amiga mods to Arch?”, in comp.sys.acorn (Usenet):
      I'd like to convert some of the arch[sic] mods back into Amiga mods since I don't have the original Amiga versions.
    • 2003, Rene T. A. Lysloff, Leslie C. Gay, Jr., Music and Technoculture, page 38:
      These mods, while usually having the distinctive bleep and beep quality of transistor-generated tones, are often astonishingly creative and rich in expressive nuances.
  7. (climbing) A moderately difficult route.
  8. (in the plural, Oxford University, informal) Moderations: university examinations generally taken in the first year.
  9. (mathematics, programming) Abbreviation of modulus.
    Synonyms: %, modulus
  10. (statistics) Abbreviation of mode.
Usage notes[edit]

In video gaming, mods are created by end users, whereas such content by the game creators would be called an expansion pack.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

mod (third-person singular simple present mods, present participle modding, simple past and past participle modded)

  1. (transitive, informal) To modify (an object) from its original condition, typically for the purposes of individualizing and/or enhancing the performance of the object.
    Synonyms: trick, trick out
    His friends were particularly impressed with the way he modded his Ruckus.
  2. (video games) To install or create a mod.
    Learning Java is what got me into modding Minecraft.
  3. (transitive, Internet, informal) To moderate; to silence or punish (a rule-breaking user) on a forum, especially when done by a moderator.
    Don't break the rules or you'll be modded.
    I used to mod that forum.
Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mod (not comparable)

  1. Abbreviation of moderate.

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Scottish Gaelic mòd.

Noun[edit]

mod (plural mods)

  1. A festival of Scottish Gaelic song, arts and culture, akin to the Welsh eisteddfod.

Anagrams[edit]

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse móðr, from Proto-Germanic *mōdaz, cognate with English mood, German Mut.

Noun[edit]

mod n (singular definite modet, not used in plural form)

  1. courage
  2. mood
Usage notes[edit]

The sense "mood" is obsolete outside of compounds and a few fixed phrases.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse í mót, i.e. the preposition í (in) + the noun mót (meeting) (compare i møde), from Proto-Germanic *mōtą, cognate with English moot.

Preposition[edit]

mod or imod

  1. toward, towards; to (physical motion, direction)
    Dette tog kører mod Vanløse.
    This train goes to(ward(s)) Vanløse.
    Peg mod det sted, hvor lyden kommer fra.
    Point to(ward(s)) the place the sound is coming from.
  2. toward, towards; to (physical orientation, facing)
    Hun stillede sig med ansigtet mod havet.
    She stood facing [or with her face to(ward(s))] the sea.
    Værelset vender ud mod gaden.
    The room faces (toward(s)) the street.
  3. toward, towards; to (temporal motion)
    Han er godt på vej mod de 40 år.
    He's well on his way to(ward(s)) 40 years old.
  4. toward, towards (near in time)
    mod slutningen af aftenentoward(s) the end of the evening
  5. toward, towards; to (as a goal)
    De sigter mod at skabe 10.000 nye job.
    They're aiming to create [or toward(s) creating] 10,000 new jobs.
  6. almost, nearly, close to (in terms of quantity)
    Aktiekursen faldt med hen mod 20 procent.
    The share price fell by close to 20 percent.
  7. against; into (in the opposite physical direction of)
    Antonym: med
    Man må nogle gange svømme mod strømmen.
    One must sometimes swim against the current.
    Intet sejlskib kan sejle lige mod vinden.
    No sailing ship can sail directly against [or into] the wind.
  8. against; to (in physical contact with)
    Han lagde øret mod døren og lyttede.
    He put his ear against [or to] the door and listened.
  9. against, into, with (forceful collision)
    Bilen kørte mod muren.
    The car crashed into [or against] the wall.
    Skibet støder mod isbjerget.
    The ship collided with [or against] the iceberg.
  10. against, versus; on (having as an opponent)
    USA har aldrig formelt erklæret krig mod Irak.
    The US never formally declared war against [or on] Iraq.
    Gårsdagens tenniskamp var Federer mod Nadal.
    Yesterday's tennis match was Federer versus Nadal.
  11. against (in constrast to; inconsistent with; contradicting)
    mod reglerneagainst the rules
    mod sin viljeagainst one's will
  12. at; toward, towards; against (a recipient or target)
    Hans vrede var rettet mod præsidenten.
    His anger was directed at [or against or toward(s)] the president.
    Bogserien sigter mod unge voksne.
    The book series is aimed at [or toward(s)] young adults.
  13. to; toward, towards; with (as an attitude or behavior)
    Synonyms: over for, overfor, ved
    Hun har altid været venlig mod mig.
    She has always been friendly to(ward(s)) me.
    I dag var han meget utålmodig mod mig.
    Today he was very impatient with me.
  14. against (refuting or implicating)
    beviser mod sagsøgteevidence against the defendant
  15. to (a victim)
    Hvordan kunne du gøre sådan en forfærdelig ting mod mig?
    How could you do such a horrible thing to me?
  16. from; against (protection, precaution)
    at skærme sig mod vindento shield oneself from [or against] the wind
    et værn for at beskytte mod onde åndera ward to protect from [or against] evil spirits
  17. for (e.g., as a treatment, cure, or prophylaxis)
    Han tog piller mod smerterne.
    He took pills for the pain.
  18. to; against (comparison)
    Slutresultatet blev 33 mod 17.
    The final score was 33 to 17.
    Fordele og ulemper skal vejes op mod hinanden.
    Advantages and disadvantages must be weighed against each other.
  19. in return for; in exchange for; as compensation for
    Hvad ville du gerne have mod din hjælp?
    What would you like in return for your help?
  20. against (as foreground re: a background)
    i silhuet mod himlensilhouetted against the sky
Usage notes[edit]
  • The two forms, mod and imod, are interchangeable when used as a preposition. In the contemporary language, the shorter form is used about 10 times as much as the longer one. As an adverb, only the longer form is used.

Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sicilian modu and/or Italian modo, from Latin modus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mod m (plural modi or modijiet)

  1. way, manner
    Synonyms: għamla, manjiera

Derived terms[edit]

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

mod

  1. Alternative form of mode (intellect, mood, will, courage, nature)

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

mod n (definite singular modet, uncountable)

  1. (pre-2012) alternative form of mot

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *mōdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *mē-, *mō-. Cognate with Old High German muot (German Mut), Old Saxon mōd, Old Dutch muot (Dutch (ge)moed), Old Norse móðr (anger, grief) (Swedish mod), Gothic 𐌼𐍉𐌸𐍃 (mōþs, anger, emotion). The Proto-Indo-European root was also the source of Ancient Greek μῶθαι (môthai) and Latin mōs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mōd n

  1. mind
    • Adrian and Ritheus
      Mannes mōd biþ on þām hēafde and gǣþ ūt þurh þone mūþ.
      A person's mind is in the head and goes out through the mouth.
  2. heart, spirit
  3. state of mind, mood
  4. (in poetry and compounds) courage, pride, zeal, or anger
  5. affection
    • c. 992, Ælfric, "On the Nativity of our Lord"
      Uton lufian ure gebroðra on Godes gelaðunge mid swilcum mōde swa swa ðes cyðere þa lufode his fynd.
      Let us love our brothers in God's church with such affection as that with which this martyr loved his foes.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: mod, mode, mood

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French mode.

Noun[edit]

mod n (plural moduri)

  1. mode, fashion, style, way
  2. (grammar) mode, mood

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

mȏd m (Cyrillic spelling мо̑д)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Declension[edit]

This entry needs an inflection-table template.

Slovene[edit]

Noun[edit]

mod

  1. genitive dual/plural of modo

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmod/ [ˈmoð̞]
  • Rhymes: -od
  • Syllabification: mod

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from English mod, from modern.

Adjective[edit]

mod (invariable)

  1. mod (of the 1960s modern style)

Noun[edit]

mod m (uncountable)

  1. mod (1960s modern style)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English mod, from modification.

Noun[edit]

mod m (plural mods)

  1. mod (an end user-created package containing modifications to the look or behaviour of a video game)

Further reading[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse móðr, from Proto-Germanic *mōdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *mō-, *mē-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mod n

  1. courage
  2. (in some expressions and as a component of many words) (often positive) state of mind
    Han kände sig illa till mods
    He felt uncomfortable (uneasy, ill at ease)
Declension[edit]
Declension of mod 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative mod modet
Genitive mods modets
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English mod, from modification.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mod n

  1. (video games) mod (end user-created modifications)
  2. (Internet) a mod (moderator)
    Synonym: moderator
Declension[edit]
Declension of mod 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative mod modden moddar moddarna
Genitive mods moddens moddars moddarnas

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

mod (definite accusative modu, plural modlar)

  1. mode
  2. (colloquial) mood
    Synonym: hâletiruhiye

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *mooto.

Noun[edit]

mod

  1. face

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of mod (inflection type 1/ilo)
nominative sing. mod
genitive sing. modon
partitive sing. modod
partitive plur. modoid
singular plural
nominative mod modod
accusative modon modod
genitive modon modoiden
partitive modod modoid
essive-instructive modon modoin
translative modoks modoikš
inessive modos modoiš
elative modospäi modoišpäi
illative modoho modoihe
adessive modol modoil
ablative modolpäi modoilpäi
allative modole modoile
abessive modota modoita
comitative modonke modoidenke
prolative mododme modoidme
approximative I modonno modoidenno
approximative II modonnoks modoidennoks
egressive modonnopäi modoidennopäi
terminative I modohosai modoihesai
terminative II modolesai modoilesai
terminative III modossai
additive I modohopäi modoihepäi
additive II modolepäi modoilepäi

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “лицо”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

mod

  1. Nasal mutation of bod.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bod fod mod unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.