toward

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: towards and to-ward

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English toward, from Old English tōweard, equivalent to to +‎ -ward

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

toward (chiefly US)

  1. In the direction of.
    She moved toward the door.
  2. In relation to (someone or something).
    What are your feelings toward him?
  3. For the purpose of attaining (an aim).
    I'm saving money toward retirement.
  4. Located close to; near (a time or place).
    Our place is over toward the station.

Usage notes[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective[edit]

toward (not comparable)

  1. Yielding, pliant; docile; ready or apt to learn; not froward.
  2. (obsolete) Future; to-come.
  3. (dated) Approaching, coming near; impending; present, at hand.
    • c. 1603–1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of King Lear”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene vi]:
      Do you hear aught, sir, of a battle toward?
    • 1843 April, Thomas Carlyle, “Practical Devotional”, in Past and Present, New York, N.Y.: William H. Colyer, [], published May 1843, OCLC 10193956, book II (The Ancient Monk), page 70:
      On the morrow, after mass, our Lord Abbot [Samson of Tottington] orders the Cellerarius to send off his carpenters to demolish the said structure brevi manu, and lay up the wood in safe keeping. Old Dean Herbert, hearing what was toward, comes tottering along hither, to plead humbly for himself and his mill.
  4. (obsolete or archaic) Promising, likely.
    • c. 1591–1592, William Shakespeare, “The Third Part of Henry the Sixt, []”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene ii]:
      Why, that is spoken like a toward prince.
    • 1726 October 28, [Jonathan Swift], “A Description of the Farmer’s Daughter. []”, in Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World. [] [Gulliver’s Travels], volume I, London: [] Benj[amin] Motte, [], OCLC 995220039, part II (A Voyage to Brobdingnag), page [178]:
      My Miſtreſs had a Daughter of nine Years old, a Child of toward Parts for her Age, very dextrous at her Needle, and ſkilful in dreſſing her Baby.
    • [1994 July 25, Jack Winter, “How I met my wife”, in The New Yorker:
      And even though I had only swerving loyalty to her, my manners couldn't be peccable. Only toward and heard-of behavior would do.
      A deliberate nonce use of the word.]

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English tōweard, tōwærd; equivalent to to +‎ -ward.

Preposition[edit]

toward

  1. In the direction of; toward.
  2. Into the presence of.
  3. In proximity to; near, by.
  4. In an exchange or communication with; to.
    • c. 1190 - 1215, Layamon, Laȝamon's Brut
      Þe while þe he spac touward Goden.
  5. Having a wont or tendency towards.
  6. Similar to.
  7. Subject to; under the control of.
  8. Useful for; prepared for.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: toward

Adjective[edit]

toward

  1. Future, forthcoming; to come.
  2. Near at hand; imminent, nigh.
  3. Moving forth.
  4. of goodwill, benevolent; well-tempered, gentle.

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Adverb[edit]

toward

  1. In a given direction, typically toward something specific.
  2. Nearly, almost.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]