־ה

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Hebrew[edit]

Preposition[edit]

־ָה ‎(-a)

  1. (no longer productive) to, toward, in the direction of, -ward
    • Exodus 1:1, with translation of the King James Version:
      וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמוֹת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הַבָּאִים מִצְרָיְמָה, אֵת יַעֲקֹב אִישׁ וּבֵיתוֹ בָּאוּ:
      V'éle sh'mót b'néi yisra'él haba'ím mitsráyma, et-ya'akóv ísh uveitó bá'u.
      Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob.
  2. (colloquial, no longer productive) at, located in the direction of

Usage notes[edit]

  • In modern non-poetic use, this postposition is mostly used only with inherently directional nouns (such as in שמאלה ‎(smóla, left, leftward, to the left), from שמאל ‎(smol, left, the left, left hand)), and in a few fixed expressions (such as הַבַּיְתָה ‎(habáyta, homeward)).

Synonyms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

־ָהּ ‎(-áh)

  1. (archaic) her, it: indicates the direct object of a verb
    • Genesis 2:15:
      וַיַּנִּחֵהוּ בְגַן-עֵדֶן, לְעָבְדָהּ וּלְשָׁמְרָהּ
      He placed him in the Garden of Eden to work it and to guard it
  2. her, it: indicates the object of a preposition
    • Ruth 1:22:
      וַתָּשָׁב נָעֳמִי, וְרוּת הַמּוֹאֲבִיָּה כַלָּתָהּ עִמָּהּ
      Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabite her daughter-in-law with her
  3. (now formal) her, its: indicates the possessor of a singular construct noun
    • 2 Samuel 13:19:
      וַתִּקַּח תָּמָר אֵפֶר עַל-רֹאשָׁהּ
      Tamar took ashes on her head
    • Ruth 1:22:
      וַתָּשָׁב נָעֳמִי, וְרוּת הַמּוֹאֲבִיָּה כַלָּתָהּ עִמָּהּ
      Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabite her daughter-in-law with her

Synonyms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

־ה ‎(-a, -á)

  1. used in feminine singular forms of most adjectives
    פשוט ‎(pashút, simple) → פשוטה ‎(p'shutá, simple)
  2. used in singular indefinite and definite forms of many or most feminine nouns
    טיסה ‎(tisá, flight)
    דוד ‎(dod, uncle) → דודה ‎(dodá, aunt)
  3. used in many female given names
    דניאל ‎(danyél, Daniel) → דניאלה ‎(danyéla, Danielle)
  4. used in feminine singular present participle and present tense forms of certain verbs
    שם ‎(sam, put) → שמה ‎(sáma, samá, (she, it) puts, putting)
  5. used in third-person feminine singular past tense (suffix conjugation) forms of most verbs
    הלך ‎(halákh, go) → הלכה ‎(halkhá, (she, it) went)
  6. used to add emphasis to certain future-tense and imperative verb-forms
    קוּם ‎(kum, rise) → קוּמָה ‎(kumá, rise up)

Synonyms[edit]

  • (in adjectives): ־ת ‎(-et, -t)
  • (in nouns): ־ת ‎(-et), ־ית ‎(-it), ־ות ‎(-ut)
  • (in present-tense verbs): ־ת ‎(-et)

Yiddish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrew ־ה ‎().

Suffix[edit]

־ה ‎(-e)

  1. The singular suffix for feminine nouns derived from Hebrew.