אל

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Root
א־ל

From Proto-Semitic *ʾil-. Cognate with Akkadian 𒀭 (ilu), Arabic إِلٰه (ʾilāh), Aramaic אלה (aláh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

אֵל (elm (plural indefinite אלים, singular construct אל־, feminine counterpart אֵלָה)

  1. A god, supreme deity.

Proper noun[edit]

אֵל (elm

  1. God, the God of Israel.
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Etymology unclear, perhaps related to אֵל (a God).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

אֵל (elm

  1. strength; (only in the phrase יש לאל ידי (it is in my power)).

Etymology 3[edit]

See etymology for אייל \ אַיִל.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

אל (elm

  1. Defective spelling of אֵיל: singular construct form of אַיִל (Ezekiel 40:48).

Etymology 4[edit]

Cognate with Akkadian [script needed] (il), Arabic إِلَى (ʾilā).

Preposition[edit]

אֶל (el)

  1. to, towards, into
  2. at, by
Inflection[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Cognate with Phoenician 𐤀𐤋 (ʾl), Ugaritic 𐎀𐎍 (ảl), Akkadian [script needed] (ul).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

אַל ('ál)

  1. not, do not
    אַל תִּדְאַג.‏‎ ― 'ál tid'ág.Don’t worry.
Usage notes[edit]
  • In the Bible, this form is followed by a verb in the jussive, in later forms of Hebrew, including Modern Hebrew, it is followed by the future tense. For example, “do not do” is in Biblical Hebrew אַל תַּעַשׂ ('al tá'as) and in Modern Hebrew אַל תַּעֲשֶׂה ('al ta'asé).

Noun[edit]

אַל ('ál)

  1. naught, nothing; (only in the phrase שָׂם לְאַל (bring to naught)).

Anagrams[edit]


Judeo-Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic إِلّ (ʾill).

Noun[edit]

אל (ʾillun)

  1. kin
    • Exodus 1:1 in Saadia Gaon's Tafsir (circa 10th century)
      הדׄה אסמא בני אסראיל אלדאכׄלין אלי מצר מע יעקוב רגׄל ואלה דכׄלו׃‏
      hāḏihi ʾasmāʾu banī ʾisrāʾīla d-dāḵilīna ʾilā miṣra maʿa yaʿqūba rajulun waʾilluhu daḵalū.
      These are the names of the sons of Israel entering Egypt. With Jacob, man and his kin entered: