إله

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See also: أله‎, اله‎, آله, and آلة

Arabic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ʾil- with a vocative suffix ـَاه(-āh) which is else only sporadically attested in Arabic but has left its trace in the -ā vocatives of أَب(ʾab, father), أَخ(ʾaḵ, brother), حَم(ḥam, father-in-law). Forms a root ء ل ه(ʾ-l-h).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔi.laːh/
    • Egypt: IPA(key): [ʔeˈlæːh]
    • Levant: IPA(key): [ʔɪˈlaːh]
    • Central Arabia: IPA(key): [ʔɪˈlæːh]
    • West Arabia: IPA(key): [ʔeˈlaːh]
    • Persian Gulf: IPA(key): [ʔɪˈlɑːh]
    • Tunisia: IPA(key): [iˈlɛːh]
    • Algeria: IPA(key): [ilɛh]
    • Morocco: IPA(key): [ʔilæh], colloquially IPA(key): [ʔlæh]

Noun[edit]

إِلٰه (ʾilāhm (plural آلِهَة(ʾāliha), feminine إِلَاهَة(ʾilāha) or إِلٰهَة(ʾilāha))

  1. god, deity (generic)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bauer, Hans (1915), “Semitische Sprachprobleme. 5. Die Verwandtschaftsnamen und ilāh „Gott“ im Semitischen”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft (in German), volume 69, page 561
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “ءله”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN