إله

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See also: أله, اله, آله, and آلة

Arabic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ʾil- with a vocative suffix ⁧ـَاه(-āh) which is else only sporadically attested in Arabic but has left its trace in the -ā vocatives of ⁧أَب(ʔab, father), ⁧أَخ(ʔaḵ, brother), ⁧حَم(ḥam, father-in-law). Forms a root ⁧ء ل ه(ʔ-l-h).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔi.laːh/
    • Egypt: IPA(key): [ʔeˈlæːh]
    • Levant: IPA(key): [ʔɪˈlaːh]
    • Central Arabia: IPA(key): [ʔɪˈlæːh]
    • Hijazi: IPA(key): [ʔɪˈlaːh]
    • Persian Gulf: IPA(key): [ʔɪˈlɑːh]
    • Tunisia: IPA(key): [ʔiˈlɛːh]
    • Algeria: IPA(key): [ʔiˈlæːh]
    • Morocco: IPA(key): [ʔiˈlæːh]

Noun[edit]

إِلٰه (ʔilāhm (pluralآلِهَة(ʔāliha), feminineإِلٰهَة(ʔilāha)) (countable)

  1. a god, a deity, a divinity
    Synonym:رَبّ(rabb, lord; master)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 28:88:
      وَلَا تَدْعُ مَعَ اللَّٰهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ ۘ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ
      walā tadʕu maʕa llāhi ʔilāhan ʔāḵara lā ʔilāha ʔillā huwa
      And do not call upon another god beside Allah: there is no god but He.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Azerbaijani: ilah
  • Northern Kurdish: îlah
  • Ottoman Turkish: ⁧الاه(ilāh)
    > Turkish: ilah (inherited)
  • Uyghur: ⁧ئىلاھ(ilah)
  • Uzbek: iloh

References[edit]

  • Bauer, Hans (1915), “Semitische Sprachprobleme. 5. Die Verwandtschaftsnamen und ilāh „Gott“ im Semitischen”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft (in German), volume 69, page 561
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “ءله”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN