أخ

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See also: اخ‎, آخ‎, آچ, and آج

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ʾaḫ-, from the root ء خ و(ʾ-ḵ-w).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔax/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

أَخ (ʾaḵm (construct state أَخُو(ʾaḵū), dual أَخَوَان(ʾaḵawān), plural إِخْوَة(ʾiḵwa) or إِخْوَان(ʾiḵwān), feminine أُخْت(ʾuḵt))

  1. brother

Usage notes[edit]

  • أخ is used literally as well as figuratively. Moreover, أخ includes both full brothers and half brothers. The synonym شَقِيق(šaqīq) refers to full brothers exclusively.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Gulf Arabic: أخو(uḵu)
  • Maltese: ħu
  • Moroccan Arabic: أخ(ʔaḵḵ), (construct state) خو(ḵū), (construct state) خا(ḵā)
  • English: akh, akhi
  • Malayalam: ഇക്ക (ikka)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “ءخو”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic أَخ(ʾaḵ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

أخ (ʔaḵḵm (construct state خو(ḵū) or خا(ḵā), plural خوت(ḵūt) or خاوة(ḵāwa), feminine أخت(ʔuḵt))

  1. brother, male sibling
    Synonym: خوادري(ḵwādri)
    خوك‎ ― ḵūkyour brother
    ولد خاها‎ ― wuld ḵāhaher fraternal nephew

North Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic أَخ(ʾaḵ).

Noun[edit]

أخ (ʔaḵḵm (construct state أخو(ʔaḵu), plural إخوة(ʔiḵwe) or إخوات(ʔiḵwāt) or إخوان(ʔiḵwān), feminine إخت(ʔiḵt))

  1. (Syria) brother
    Synonym: (Lebanon) خي(ḵayy)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The plural إخوة(ʔiḵwe) is used for actual brothers, إخوات(ʔiḵwāt) can refer to siblings gender-neutrally, while إخوان(ʔiḵwān) is used for brothers in a wider sense (friends, fellow believers etc.).
  • When a suffix pronoun is added, either أب(ʔaḵ-) or the construct form is used, e.g. أخي / أخوي(ʔaḵi / ʔaḵūy, my brother).

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic أَخ(ʾaḵ).

Noun[edit]

أخّ (ʔaḵḵm (construct state أخو(ʔaḵu), plural إخوة(ʔiḵwe) or إخوان(ʔiḵwān), feminine أخت(ʔuḵt))

  1. Alternative form of أخو(ʔaḵu, brother)