أخ

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See also:اخ⁩, ⁧آخ⁩, ⁧آچ, andآج

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ʾaḫ-, from the root ⁧ء خ و(ʔ-ḵ-w). Cognate with Hebrewאח(akh).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔax/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

أَخ (ʔaḵm (construct stateأَخُو(ʔaḵū), dualأَخَوَان(ʔaḵawān), pluralإِخْوَة(ʔiḵwa) orإِخْوَان(ʔiḵwān), feminineأُخْت(ʔuḵt))

  1. brother

Usage notes[edit]

  • أخ⁩ is used literally as well as figuratively. Moreover, ⁧أخ⁩ includes both full brothers and half brothers. The synonym ⁧شَقِيق(šaqīq) refers to full brothers exclusively.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Gulf Arabic: ⁧أخو(uḵu)
  • Maltese: ħu
  • Moroccan Arabic: ⁧أخ(ʔaḵḵ), (construct state)خو(ḵū), (construct state)خا(ḵā)
  • English: ock, akh, akhi
  • Malayalam: ഇക്ക (ikka)
  • Portuguese: Lafões

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “ءخو”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicأَخ(ʔaḵ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

أخ (ʔaḵḵm (construct stateخو(ḵū) orخا(ḵā), pluralخوت(ḵūt) orخاوة(ḵāwa), feminineأخت(ʔuḵt))

  1. brother, male sibling
    Synonym:خوادري(ḵwādri)
    خوك⁩ ― ḵūkyour brother
    ولد خاها⁩ ― wuld ḵāhaher fraternal nephew

North Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicأَخ(ʔaḵ).

Noun[edit]

أخ (ʔaḵḵm (construct stateأخو(ʔaḵu), pluralإخوة(ʔiḵwe) orإخوات(ʔiḵwāt) orإخوان(ʔiḵwān), feminineإخت(ʔiḵt))

  1. brother
    Synonym: (Lebanon)خي(ḵayy)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The plural ⁧إخوة(ʔiḵwe) is used for actual brothers, ⁧إخوات(ʔiḵwāt) can refer to siblings gender-neutrally, while ⁧إخوان(ʔiḵwān) is used for brothers in a wider sense (friends, fellow believers etc.).
  • When a suffix pronoun is added, either ⁧أخ(ʔaḵ-) or the construct form is used, e.g. ⁧أخي / أخوي(ʔaḵi / ʔaḵūy, my brother).

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicأَخ(ʔaḵ).

Noun[edit]

أخّ (ʔaḵḵm (construct stateأخو(ʔaḵu), pluralإخوة(ʔiḵwe) orإخوان(ʔiḵwān), feminineأخت(ʔuḵt))

  1. Alternative form of أخو(ʔaḵu, brother)