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  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of ergere
  2. second-person singular present subjunctive of ergere
  3. third-person singular present subjunctive of ergere
  4. third-person singular imperative of ergere




Same as ergō, from ex- and Proto-Indo-European *h₃reǵ- (to straighten). Compare with the adverbial use of "ē regiōne" ("directly, against"), with the same elements.



ergā (governs the accusative)

  1. (literally, of locality, ante-Classical and post-classical only, rare) over against, opposite to
  2. (figuratively, of feelings and conduct) towards (a person or, more rarely, a thing)
    1. (of friendly feelings etc., used chiefly thus in Classical Latin) with regard to, towards, for
    2. (of unfriendly feelings, for the usual contrā or adversus) against
  3. (in post-Augustean authors, especially in Tacitus, in general of every kind of mental relation to a person or thing) to, towards, in respect to, with regard to, concerning, about
  4. (Medieval Latin) from
    Emō ergā aliquem.I buy from someone.
  5. (Medieval Latin) applying to, addressing (oneself) to
    Quī aliquem ergā iūdicem accūsābit.One who will accuse another applying to the judge.


  • ergā in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • erga in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • erga in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • ergā in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, page 598/1
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be well-disposed towards..: benevolentiam habere erga aliquem
    • what a man merits at another's hands: meritum alicuius in or erga aliquem
  • erga in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  • Jan Frederik Niermeyer, Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus : Lexique Latin Médiéval–Français/Anglais : A Medieval Latin–French/English Dictionary, fascicle I (1976), page 380/1, “erga”
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 854




  1. First-person singular (eu) affirmative imperative of erguer
  2. Third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of erguer
  3. First-person singular (eu) negative imperative of erguer
  4. Third-person singular (você) negative imperative of erguer
  5. First-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of erguer
  6. Third-person singular (ele, ela, also used with tu and você?) present subjunctive of erguer