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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to straighten, to right oneself
  2. right
  3. just

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₃réǵ-e-ti (thematic root present)
  • *h₃r̥-ne-ǵ-ti ~ *h₃r̥-n-ǵ-énti (nasal-infix present)
    • Germanic: *rankaz (upright) (derived from an unattested verb *rinkaną[2]) (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian:
  • *h₃roǵ-éye-ti (causative)
  • *h₃rḗǵ-r- (order)
  • *h₃rḗǵ-s (king)
  • *h₃reǵ-tó-s (straightened, right)
  • *h₃réǵ-u-s ~ *h₃r̥ǵ-éw-s
    • Indo-Iranian:
  • *h₃roǵ-o-s
    • Germanic: *rakaz
      • English: rake (trail, path)
    • Italic:
  • *h₃reǵ-dʰleh₂
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Latvian: redzēt (to see)
      • Lithuanian: règti (to begin to see)
      • Lithuanian: regė́ti (to see)
    • Celtic: *rextus
    • Germanic: *rekanōną (to count, to calculate) (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill