redzēt

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the iterative form of an older verb *regt, from Proto-Baltic *reg-, from Proto-Indo-European *reg-, *reǵ-, *h₃reǵ- (straight, right; to put straight, right; to stretch; to erect; direction, line). The semantic evolution was presumably “to be stretched, erected” > “to be visible” > “to perceive visually, to see.” Cognates include Lithuanian regė́ti (to see), règti (to begin to see).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

redzēt tr., 3rd conj., pres. redzu, redzi, redz, past redzēju

  1. to see (to perceive something visually)
    pa logu var redzēt dārzuthrough the window (one) can see the garden
    redzēt filmu, izstādito see a movie, an exhibition
    nav ko redzēt(there is) nothing to see
    redzēt elputo see (one's) breath (in cold weather)
  2. to see (to be able to perceive (things) visually)
    viņš slikti redzhe sees badly, poorly
    kaķi tumsā redz labāk nekā cilvēksin the dark cats see better than people
    tik tumšs, ka nevar redzēt(it is) so dark that (one) cannot see
    no kalna tālu var redzētfrom a mountain (one) can see far
  3. to see, to observe, to notice (a phenomenon, a feature or quality)
    redzēju, cik tu biji satrauktsI saw how alarmed you were
    Kalējs pasmaidīja, bet visi redzēja, cik grūti viņam bija izspiest smaiduKalējs smiled, but everyone saw how difficult it was for him to squeeze a smile
  4. to see (to learn, to understand, to realize)
    es redzu, ka man nepietiks laikaI see that I will have enough time
    redzat, esmu sarkanarmietisas you (can) see, I am a Red Army soldier
    istaba bija maza, bet mājīga, un kātra sīkumā varēja redzēt, ka te dzīvo sievietethe room was small but cozy, and in every detail (one) could see that a woman lived there
    Līze redzēja, ka nekāda prātīga runāšana kaimiņos nav gaidamā un vedināja Andri mājupLīze saw that there would be no sensible talking at the neighbors', so she took Andris (back) home
  5. to see (to experience, to live through)
    redzēt grūtības, ciešanas, sāpes — to see hardship, suffering, pain
    redzēt laimi, vienaldzībuto see happiness, indifference
    viņai vajadzēja redzēt pieticību un prieku, lai varētu vēl ticēt laimeishe had to see contentment and joy in order to be able to believe still in happiness
  6. to see (to create visual images in one's memory or imagination)
    redzēt sapnito have (lit. to see) a dream
    redzēt ko sapnīto see something in a dream
    pēc brītiņa viņš aizmiga un redzēja sapniafter a while he fell asleep and had (lit. saw) a dream
    atgūlies uz muguras un aizvēris acis, redzu tos divdesmit gadus plašā ainā savā priekšāhaving lain down and closed (my) eyes, I see those twenty years in a broad scene in front of me

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns. 1992, 2001. Latviešu etimoloģijas vārdnīca. Rīga: AVOTS. ISBN 9984700127.